COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - MEMORY IN EVERYDAY LIFE

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  • Created by: Isabelle
  • Created on: 06-02-11 19:33

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - ACCURACY OF EWT (1)

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - THE EFFECTS OF MISLEADING INFORMATION ON THE ACCURACY OF EWT

WHAT IS MISINFORMATION ACCEPTANCE?

REASEARCH STUDY: LOFTUS 1975

WHAT WAS THE STUDY?

WHAT DID THEY FIND?

WHAT DID THEY CONCLUDE?

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COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - ACCURACY OF EWT

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - THE EFFECTS OF MISLEADING INFORMATION ON THE ACCURACY OF EWT

  • MISINFORMATION ACCEPTANCE - PEOPLE ACCEPT MISLEADING INFORMATION AFTER AN EVENT AND ABSORB INTO THEIR MEMORY FOR THE ACTUAL EVENT

LOFTUS (1975) SHOWED PARTICIPANTS FILM OF EVENTS LEADING UP TO A CAR ACCIDENT. PARTICIPANTS WERE THEN DIVIDED INTO A CONTROL GROUP AND AN EXPERIMENTAL GROUP. THE CONTROL GROUP WAS ASKED QUESTION CONSISTENT WITH WHAT THEY HAD ACTUALLY SEEN, (HOW FAST WAS THE CAR GOING WHEN IT PASSES THE STOP SIGN?) WHEREAS THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP WERE ASKED QUESTIONS THAT CONTAINED MISLEADING INFORMATION, ( HPW FAST WAS THE CAR GOING WHEN IT PASSES THE BARN TRAVELLING ALONG THE COUNTRY ROAD?). BUT THERE WAS NO BARN IN THE FILM.

FOUND 17% OF THE PARTICIPANTS FROM THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP REPORTED SEEING A BARN.

CONCLUDED THAT SOME PARTICIPANTS GIVEN THE MISLEADING INFORMATION HAD ABSORBED THIS WITH THEIR ORIGINAL MEMORY, AND REALLY BELIEVED THEY HAD SEEN A BARN.

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COGNITVE PSYCHOLOGY - ACCURACY OF EWT (2)

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - THE EFFECTS OF MISLEADING INFORMATION ON THE ACCURACY OF EWT

LOFTUS (1975)

WHAT WERE THE METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES?

WHAT WERE THE ETHICAL ISSUES?

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COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - ACCURACY OF EWT

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - THE EFFECTS OF MISLEADING INFORMATION ON THE ACCURACY OF EWT

METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES - CONTROLLED LABORATORY EXPERIMENT / USED REALISTIC MATERIAL / ARTIFICAL SITUATION

ETHICAL ISSUES - DISTRESSING FOR PARTICIPANTS TO WATCH CAR ACCIDENT / COULD NOT CONTAIN FULLY CONFORMED CONSENT

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COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - ACCURACY OF EWT (3)

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - OTHER FACTORS AFFECTING ACCURACY OF EWT

PEOPLE OFTEN HAVE POOR MEMORIES FOR ACCIDENTS AND INCIDENTS BEACUSE THEY DO NOT REGISTER THE INFORMATION ON THE FIRST PLACE, WHAT AFFECT DOES THIS HAVE ON EWT?

LIST (1986)

WHAT WAS THE STUDY?

WHAT DID THEY FIND?

WHAT WAS THEIR CONCLUSION?

WHAT WERE THE METHODOLOGIAL ISSUES?

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COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - ACCURACY OF EWT

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - OTHER FACTORS AFFECTING ACCURACY OF EWT

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