Organic Synthesis Reactions A2

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  • Created by: Bethcr
  • Created on: 26-01-15 10:33
Ketone to Hydroxynitrile
Nucleophilic Addition KCN/H2SO4 Mechanism Needed
1 of 23
Aldehyde to Hydroxynitrile
Nucleophilic Addition KCN/H2SO4 Mechanism needed
2 of 23
Carboxylic Acid to Acid Anhydride
P4O10
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Acid Anhydride to Carboxylic Acid
Nucleophilic Addition-Elimination H2O
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Carboxylic Acid to Ester
Nucleophilic Addition-Elimination (Esterification/Condensation) Alcohol
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Ester to Carboxylic Acid
Hydrolysis 1. HCl/H2SO4 dilute, reflux 2. NaOH(aq) distillation then HCl/H2SO4(aq) and distillation
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Acid Anhydride to Ester
Nucleophilic Addition-Elimination Ethanol
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Ester to Alcohol
Hydrolysis 1.HCl/H2SO4 dilute,reflux 2.NaOH(aq) then distillation
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Alcohol to Ester
Nucleophilic Addition-Elimination (Esterification/Condensation) Carboxylic Acid
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Carboxylic Acid to Acyl Chloride
PCl5
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Acyl Chloride to Carboxylic Acid
Nucleophilic Addition-Elimination H2O Mechanism Needed
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Acyl Chloride to N-substituted Amide
Nucleophilic Addition-Elimination Primary Amine Mechanism Needed
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Acid Anhydride to N-substituted amide
Nucleophilic Addition-Elimination Primary Amine
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Acyl Chloride to Amide
Nucleophilic Addition-Elimination NH3 Mechanism Needed
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Acid anhydride to Amide
Nucleophilic Addition-Elimination
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Acyl Chloride to Ester
Nucleophilic Addition-Elimination Alcohol Mechanism Needed
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Nitrile to Primary Amine
Reduction 1.LiAlH4 2.H2 Ni catalyst
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Primary Amine to Secondary Amine
Nucleophilic Substitution Primary Amine Mechanism needed
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Secondary Amine to Tertiary Amine
Nucleophilic Substitution - Primary Amine Mechanism needed
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Tertiary Amine to Quaternary Ammonium Salt
Nucleophilic Substitution - Primary Amine Mechanism needed
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Haloalkane to Quaternary Ammonium Salt
Nucleophilic Substitution - Tertiary Amine Mechanism needed
21 of 23
Haloalkane to Tertiary Amine
Nucleophilic Substitution - Secondary Amine Mechanism Needed
22 of 23
Haloalkane to Secondary Amine
Nucleophilic Substitution - Primary Amine Mechanism needed
23 of 23

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Aldehyde to Hydroxynitrile

Back

Nucleophilic Addition KCN/H2SO4 Mechanism needed

Card 3

Front

Carboxylic Acid to Acid Anhydride

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Acid Anhydride to Carboxylic Acid

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Carboxylic Acid to Ester

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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