OCR ICT B063 Definition Flash Cards

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  • Created by: Jess
  • Created on: 08-06-13 12:26
Teleworking
Teleworking/Homeworking is a collaborative process in which the employee works from home using ICT and is remotely connected to the company computer network.
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Open Source Software
Open Software permits the user to use, modify and distribute the software as required. (The software is FREE! :O) e.g. Paint.net
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Proprietary Software
Proprietary software is licenced to the purchaser and gives the right to use the software but not to modify or redistribute it. e.g. Word, Excel or Outlook.
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Bespoke Software
Bespoke software solutions are created for a particular organisation and should meet their exact requirements.
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Software Licensing
A set of rules on how software can be used.
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Copyright, Design and Patents Act
Aimed at protecting the itellectual property of individuals and organisations that create and produce materials based on their own individual ideas.
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Licensing Agreement
Will normally indicate that it is illegal to make and sell or distribute multiple copies of the software.
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Instant Translation
Provided on sites such as Yahoo and translates text-to-text web pages, email and online chat text almost instantly.
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CAD
(Computer-aided design)-the use of specialist computer software by a designer to create technical drawings.
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CAM
(Computer-aided Manufacture)- The use of specialist computer software to automatically control manufacturing machines.
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Cloud Computing
Can be defined as Internet-based computing, in which shared resources, software and information are provided to computers and other devices on demand.
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SaaS
Software as a Service- this is where software is supplied over the Internet and so there is no need to install the software applications on the customer server.
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PaaS
Platform as a Service- the cloud provider supplies a platform to run the application software. It is not necessary to download the platform software as it can be operated using your Internet browser. e.g. Microsoft Windows Azure and Google App Engine
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IaaS
Infrastructure as a Service- the cloud is providing online (or virtual) hardware, rather than the business buying their own. e.g. servers, networking and data storage and the cloud provider is responsible for maintaining and running the devices.
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Scalability
Cloud Computing is said to be scalable, which means that the service can be increased or decreased as required. e.g. when a client is paying for online storage and need more space, cloud provider will increase it automatically and charge accordingly.
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Thin Client Computing
When a computer relies on a server to provide the software and to run it based on inputs from the thin client user.
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Thin Client ComputER
Usually a low specification computer and it contains client software that is used to interface with the application software or operation system that is provided by the network server. Server->router/switch->thin client computer
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CPU
(Central Processing Unit)- mounted on the motherboard and controls the input and processing of data and the output of information.Sometimes called a microprocessor.
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Clock Speed
The rate at which a CPU carries out instructions. Normally clock speed is measured in MHz or GHz. (The number of electronic pulses a second that can be used to control the CPU)
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RAM
Random Access Memory- used for temporary storage and the datais lost when the system is powered down.
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Volatile Memory
The data is lost from memory when the system is powered down.
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Multi-core Processor
A single CPU that contains two or more processing units that can simultaneously read and execute programs.
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Website
A website is a group of World Wide Web (WWW) pages containing hyperlinks to each other and made available online.
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Blog
A Blog or Web Log is a website where an individual or a group of users record opinions or information on a regular basis.
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Microblogging
A further form of blogging, using very short posts. Twitter is an example of a microblog with short updates called Tweets.
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SEO
Search Engine Optimisation is where increased website traffic achieves higher rankings by the search engines and thus is easier to find by prospective customers.
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Internet Forums
Online discussion sites on which interested people can type in messages as part of the discussion.
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Threads
Topics in internet forums. They can contain many comments from different members and are viewed in date order.
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Encryption
Used to make stored data more secure, by making it unreadable to people who do not have the key to decode it.
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Expert Systems
Computer applications that use a knowledge database to give advice rather than a human expert.
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Fax
A fax machine is used to transfer a document to another fax machine or a computer using telephone lines. They scan a document or diagram and transmit it to a target telephone number where it is there printed out by their fax machine.
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VoIP
Voice over Internet Protocol is the process of voice communications being transmitted over the internet. i.e. communicating with speech using the Internet. Also called Internet telephony.
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SMS
Short Message Service is normally known as texting or text messaging. This service enables text messages to be sent from one mobile phone to another or from a computer (using the web) to another mobile phone.
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Instant Messaging
Occurs when two or more people are involved in a text-based Internet conersation.
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Videoconferencing
Based on two or more locations being able to interact with others via multi-way video and audio transmissions simultaneously.
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CC
Carbon Copy- sending a copy of an email to another person but are not obliged to reply.
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BCC
Blind Carbon Copy- Sending a copy of an email to someone without the other recipients being aware of it.
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Intranet
A computer network that uses Internet protocol to share information within an organisation.
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Extranet
Similar to an intranet and can be set up to allow trading partners to access parts of the specific business computer network.
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Distributed Database
Where the elements of a database are distributed throughout the network to allow access at the location where they are most needed.
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Critical Path Analysis
Used to map the project tasks, task timescales and the dependency between tasks.
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Gantt Chart
A horizontal bar chart that shows all the tasks and activities involved in a project to illustrate the overall schedule.
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Project Planning Software
A range of software that is used foradministration, planning, scheduling and budget management when dealing with complex projects.
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Milestones
Used to indicate the end of key tasks within a project.
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dDeadlines
Dates by which milestones must be completed.
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Collaborative Approach
A process in which two or more parties work together to achieve a common goal or objective.
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Web Sharing
Where you can share files privately with other businesses. Set up so that large files and folders can be shared for business use. Users can access their files from any device with Internet access. Can be password protected and encrypted.
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Shared Workspace
An area where files are stored that can be accessed and used by more than one person, provided that they have the correct access rights.
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Survey
A data-gathering method used to collect information about individuals.
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Relevant survey data
Increases the chance of achieving the business' goals.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Open Software permits the user to use, modify and distribute the software as required. (The software is FREE! :O) e.g. Paint.net

Back

Open Source Software

Card 3

Front

Proprietary software is licenced to the purchaser and gives the right to use the software but not to modify or redistribute it. e.g. Word, Excel or Outlook.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Bespoke software solutions are created for a particular organisation and should meet their exact requirements.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A set of rules on how software can be used.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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