Neurons and Synaptic Transmission

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What is the role of a mylein sheath?
Electrical insulator
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The chemical messangers that carry signals across a synapse are........
Neurotransmitters
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A synapse is
The gap between two nerve cells
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Excitatory neurotransmitters....
Make it more likely that the next neuron will fire
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Inhibitory neurons......
Make it less likely that the next neuron will fire
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How long does synaptic transmission take?
A fraction of a second
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An example of an inhibitory neurotransmitter is........
Serotonin
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An example of an excitatory neurontransmitter is.........
Acetlycholine
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The process where chemicals are released from the pre-synaptic vesicles and reach the post-synaptic vesicles is called.......
Exocytosis
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Motor neurons are located in the.......
Central Nervous System
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What picks up a message from a sensory neuron then sends it to the motor neuron brain or spinal chord to allow communication?
Relay Neuron
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What is re-uptake?
Left over neurotransmitters returning to pre-synaptic cell
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Synaptic vesicles.........
Hold transmitters and transport them to the synaptic cleft
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What is responsible for recieving information from other neurons and transmitting electrical stimulation from other neurones
Dendrites
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The chemical messangers that carry signals across a synapse are........

Back

Neurotransmitters

Card 3

Front

A synapse is

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Excitatory neurotransmitters....

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Inhibitory neurons......

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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