Nature of God

nave 4 traditional attrubutes of God
omnipotent, omni-benevolent, omniscient, eternal
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define transcendant
god is separate from the physical world
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define immanent
god is active and closely involved in the world
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give 2 flaws with the idea of gods 'timeless' eternity
doesnt fit with biblical god who promises and remembers, doesnt fit with immanent god
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give 1 flaw and 1 strength with the idea of gods 'everlasting' eternity
god may be subject to change, preserves gods omnipotence and action in the world
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explain boethius' ideas of gods timelessness linked to free will/predestination
god sees all of our actions, past present and future, but his foreknowledge doesnt cause our actions, we freely choose how to act.
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what did swinburne say about an everlasting god?
god is evelasting and moves through time with us, he can only know or do what it is logical for him to know or do
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what did descartes say about gods omnipotence?
god can do everything, including the logically impossible
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give examples of things god cant do
swim, do evil, make a 5 sided triangle, kill himself, steal, be less powerful than someone/thing else
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explain the paradox of the stone
can god create a stone too heavy for him to lift? yes = god cant do something so isnt omnipotent no = god cant create a stone, also not omnipotent
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how did Mavrodes respond to the paradox of the stone?
the task is to 'crete a stone that god cannot lift', this is impossible for a being of unlimited power to do, thus its self contradictory.
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how did alvin plantinga define gods omnipotence?
god may choose to limit his powers in certain circumstances to preserve human free will
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how did peter geach interpret gods omnipotence?
he redefined omnipotence to mean almighty since the NT was written in greek and 'Pantorkrator' translates to almighty. god has power over everything, rather than power to do everything.
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what did aquinas say about gods omnipotence?
god cant do logically impossible things, eg 5+7=90 is not an action at all. also saying god isnt omnipotent as he cant climb trees is ridiculous as concept of god climbing is illogical.
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couter argue the idea that gods knowledge is limited as he doesnt have senses
knowledge and sensation are not the same, to smell/taste something is not knowledge. god knows all that we know, he just doesnt have the accompanying sensation
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what is middle knowledge?
knowledge of what would have happened if certain choices were made
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who suggests that god can predict what we will do in certain situations, just like a best friend might?
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what does the bible say about god having future knowledge? give quote
he has future knowledge, "your eyes saw my unformed body"
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what did Flew and Mackie argue against god having foreknowledge?
questions his omnipotence, if he could see future of creation and The Fall, wouldnt he make free humans who always did the right thing?
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why is gods omniscience and human free will incompatible?
because if god knows everything we will do, are we really free in our decisions?
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what is the Calvinistic solution the the problem of omniscience and free will?
free will is not possible - our actions are predestined
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how do process theologians respond to the problem of free will and omniscience?
god is not omniscient
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how does boethius respond to the problem of free will and omniscience?
god knows but does not cause our actions
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quote Aquinas on the goodness of God
"he lacks no excellence of any sort"
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who drew the analogy between god and a parent - explain the analogy
Swinburne - gods goodness may sometimes involve rewarding and punishing his creation, as a parent would.
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what is the Euthyphro dilemma?
does god decide what is good or do these standards exist regardless of the views of god? eg was murder already wrong before god said 'thou shalt not kill'
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in relation to gods omni-benevolence and the existence of hell, what does Hick argue?
he is a universalist, everyone goes to heaven
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n relation to gods omni-benevolence and the existence of hell, what does swinburne argue?
humans are free, this freedom should include the freedom to damn ourselves if necessary
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should a good god reward and punish? - also consider gods omniscience
god knows our motives for actions, so he should know if we are being good just to get to heaven. if god knew we would do wrong, they cannot have been otherwise so it doesnt seem just for god to judge us
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


define transcendant


god is separate from the physical world

Card 3


define immanent


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


give 2 flaws with the idea of gods 'timeless' eternity


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


give 1 flaw and 1 strength with the idea of gods 'everlasting' eternity


Preview of the front of card 5
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