Nature of political parties

  • Created by: tgrev
  • Created on: 25-04-17 17:47
3 main features of political parties
1. Each consists of a group of individuals who have commonly held ideology 2. They wish to promote these ideas 3. They have mechanisms for policy development, candidate selection, and identifying leaders
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3 main functions of political parties
1. Contesting elections 2. Provide government personnel if win election 3. Provide representation
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3 ways the left are characterised
1. Belief in universal distribution of benefits, such as health, education and social insurance 2. Positive view on human nature 3. Support for equality fraternity and freedom
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3 ways the right are characterised
1. Cynical view of human nature 2. Belief inequalities can create incentives to work as opposed to state reliance 3. Peace and security is more important then rights and freedoms of people
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What is consensus politics
General agreement between parties within a particular policy area, time when there is overwhelming need for unity
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What is adversary politics
A high degree of ideological conflict between parties
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3 examples of consensus politics from 2011
1. Overwhelming need to reduce climate change 2. British involvement in Afghan is justified 3. There is need to reduce deficit, although parties differed on how to do it
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3 examples of adversary politics from 2011
1. Whether there needs to be NHS reform 2. How to deal with high levels of crime and growing prison population 3. Whether the ability of trade unions to call strikes should be curtailed
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3 Main traditional conservative ideas
1. Fear of diversity as it may threaten social unity 2. Order is a strong human need as without it progress cannot be achieved 3. Pragmatism as govts should be deal based on their merits and not doctrines or mandates
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3 Main new right ideas
1. Low direct taxation as disincentive to work 2. Anti-Unionism as they are a barrier to econ prgress 3. Distaste for dependency culture
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3 similarities between New right and trad
1. Both have authoritarian view of law and order 2. Both support traditional Christian and 'British' values 3. Both are nationalist and are after British national interests
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3 differences between the New right and trad
1. Trad = society is organic, New Right 'No such thing as society 2. Trads may consider intervention if needed, New ideologically committed to no int 3. Trad = more supportive of welfare state
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3 Traditional aspects of conservatism under Cameron
1. Pragmatic approach to politics 2. Committed to traditional values 3. Committed to protecting rights of Home owners and their rights
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3 New right aspects of conservatism under Cameron
1. Seek to keep direct tax as low as possible 2. Committed to free markets and maximising econ comp 3. Committed to financial responsibility and preventing the state overspending and interfering in econ activity
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3 Liberal aspects of conservatism under Cameron
1. Accept diversity 2. Strengthen protection of individual rights 3. Accept the need to reduce inequality
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3 main ideas of the labour party
1. Equality, people are of equal worth and there should be no justified privileges 2. Collectivism, achieving goals together 3. Social justice, an aspiration that all in society should have equal opportunities
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3 main ideas of New labour
1. Individualism, the ability of the individual to achieve their own goals 2. Free market is the best way to create wealth 3. Support of the welfare state, benefits used as a work incentive
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3 ideas of traditional liberalism
1. Vital importance of individual liberties and rights 2. Equal rights for individuals and groups 3. Destruction of artificial privilege
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3 main ideas of the lib dems
1. Liberalism 2. Social Justice 3. Environmentalism
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

3 main functions of political parties

Back

1. Contesting elections 2. Provide government personnel if win election 3. Provide representation

Card 3

Front

3 ways the left are characterised

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

3 ways the right are characterised

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is consensus politics

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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