Slides in this set
Nature of political parties
· The less centralised the govt the less centralised the
· Some national organisation but doesn't amount to much.
· Each has a national committee and party chairman: responsible for
the day to day running of the party and acts as a spokes person.
· Principally the parties are state based.
· National convention held once every four years.…read more
Leadership of political parties
· US parties have no one who can truly be called the party
leader: so many divisions of the party even at state level
(County, district, city, precinct committees).
· President could be called the leader of the party, but the
party not in control of the white house does not have that
level of national leadership.
· Leaders in Congress (Speaker of the House, majority and
minority leaders) power doesn't really extend past Capitol
State party power
· Can be seen during election times for members of
· Republican nomination for senate seat of Delaware in 2010 was
· However, the state Republican primary chose O'Donnell (tea
· Invariably it is the state party that holds the upper hand.
· The real power in political parties resides at state level.…read more
Big issues that shaped the parties
· Form of govt:
· Federalists favoured centralised govt; Anti-federalists the opposite.
· There was intense debate about the level of democracy that was to be written into the
workings of govt.
· Democrats = south, Republicans = north. Pro and anti slavery respectively. Led to
polarisation of demographic who they represented.
· The Economy:
· Depression of the 1930's sent the Republicans into the wilderness like the Civil war did
for the Democrats. Democrats put tog New Deal coalition.
· Civil rights:
· 1950's onwards Democrats become champion of civil rights (introduce affirmative
actions programmes brought an end to solid south).
· Role of federal govt:
· Role reversal from civil war era.…read more
Ideology of the parties
Moderate, conservative, Christian Moderate, New, conservative
South = conservative democrats and North East = Liberal democrats and
republicans. moderate republicans.
1960's: Goldwater = conservative 1960's: JFK = Liberal Democrat
republican. pushing for civil rights.
1960's: Rockefeller of NYC = Liberal 1960's: Wallace of Alabama =
Republican. conservative Democrat who was an
Today the parties are much less diverse.
Democrats have lost most of their conservatives to the Republicans and
visa versa.…read more