NAT 5 MUSIC RHYTHM/TEMPO and TEXTURE/STRUCTURE/FORM

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NAT 5 MUSIC RHYTHM/TEMPO
Mary Lynch
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Compound Time (6/8, 9/8, 12/8)
A TIME SIGNATURE where each beat is divisible by 3.
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Cross Rhythm
Where normal accents of time signature are moved around to create different kinds of rhythms in a piece of music, or when separate parts play different rhythms at the same time.
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Moderato
An Italian term indicating that the music is to be played at a moderate speed.
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Ritardando
An Italian term indicating that the music should slow down gradually. Usually abbreviated as rit.
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Rubato
A term indicating that the tempo of a passage of music (or an entire piece) should be gently increased or decreased at will by the performer for an expressive effect.
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NAT 5 MUSIC TEXTURE/STRUCTURE/FORM
Mary Lynch
7 of 18
Alberti Bass
A broken chord pattern that is used as a bass accompaniment. The pattern is often: lowest note of chord-highest note of chord-middle note of chord-highest note of chord. For example C G E G.
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Binary Form
A musical structure (AB), common in Baroque music, made up of 2 sections, A and B, each of which us usually repeated. The B section is sometimes longer that the A section.
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Coda
A short 'ending' section that concludes a piece of music.
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Contrapuntal (counterpoint)
Where 2 or more different musical parts (which sound complete in themselves) are played simultaneously to create a single,harmonious whole, a popular style in the Baroque period, but used by composers since.
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Episode
Term given to a contrasting section in a RONDO.
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Ground Bass
A bass melody or motif that is constantly repeated with varying melody lines above it.
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Homophonic
Where voices or instruments sounding together more in the same rhythm.
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Polyphonic
Where 2 or more voices or instruments sound together but have different rhythms. The term evolved in the 16th century renaissance period.
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Rondo
A musical structure (A B A C A...) where the main theme (the A section) alternates with several new or contrasting sections of music (known as episodes).
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Strophic
A term used to describe vocal music in which different lyrics are sung to the same musical verse each time.
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Walking Bass
A bass line where the note values and speed remain constant, as though walking steadily; a common technique in Baroque music but also used in jazz and boogie-woogie.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A TIME SIGNATURE where each beat is divisible by 3.

Back

Compound Time (6/8, 9/8, 12/8)

Card 3

Front

Where normal accents of time signature are moved around to create different kinds of rhythms in a piece of music, or when separate parts play different rhythms at the same time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

An Italian term indicating that the music is to be played at a moderate speed.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An Italian term indicating that the music should slow down gradually. Usually abbreviated as rit.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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