General Knowledge - Grade 7 Piano AMEB

Music styles: Baroque, Classical, Romantic and Jazz

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  • Created by: Meg
  • Created on: 28-10-09 07:01

Baroque Period

  • Period: 1600 - 1760
  • Who: Bach, Handel, Vivaldi, Corelli
  • Instruments: Clavichord, Harpsichord, Pianoforte, Lute
  • How: Style - Harmonic complexity, contrast, counterpoint, harmony = ambiguously tonal, complex, one theme (monothematic)
  • How: Piece type - Emergence of sonata, suite and concerto grosso. Prelude and Fugue
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Johann Sebastian Bach

  • 1685 - 1750
  • German
  • Baroque composer, keyboardist, organist and teacher
  • Wrote many preludes and fugues for organ, collections of keyboard pieces, instrumental works and vocal works
  • Trained in harpsichord, organ, violin and voice
  • Church music was popular
  • Repertoire: Well Tempered Clavier, Italian Concerto, St Matthews Passion
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Classical Period

  • 1730 - 1830
  • Who: Haydn, Mozart, Schubert
  • Instruments: Pianoforte, single reed instruments (clarinet), strings
  • How: Style - Light and witty, expressing the ideals of liberty, lighter/clearer textures, less complex than Baroque, homophonic (melody above chordal accompaniment), softer feel, grace, elegance, balance, form, control
  • How: Piece Type - Sonato, trio, string quartet, symphony, concerto, overtures, opera
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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

  • 1756 - 1791
  • Austrian
  • Classical composer, pianist, violinist
  • Wrote many operas, symphonies, concertos, chamber pieces, piano and choral
  • He is one of the most popular classical composers
  • Repertoire" Symphony no. 40, Don Giovanni, The Magic Flute, Piano Concerto no. 24
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Romantic Period

  • Period: 1830 - 1900
  • Who: Faure, Listz, Chopin, Wagner
  • Instruments: Tuba introduced, string section enlarged in orchestras
  • How: Style - Emotional and picturesque expression more important than formal considerations, lyrical melodies played with warm singing sound, freedom of tempo and structure, rich harmonies
  • How: Piece Type - Suites and waltzes were popular
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Gabriel Faure

  • 1845 - 1924
  • French
  • Romantic composer, organist, pianist and teacher
  • Wrote for strings, cellos, pianos, orchestral musicand chamber music
  • Repertoire: The Requiem op. 48, Dolly, Penelope (opera)
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Contemporary - Jazz

  • Period: 1895 in New Orleans - today
  • Who: Gershwin, Glen Miller, Louis Armstrong, Jelly Roll Morton, Dave Brubeck
  • Instruments: Brass popular - trombones, trumpets, and other "Big Band" style instruments
  • How: Style: Jazz has many sub-headings "New Orleans Jazz, gospel, blues, swing, ragtime, big band all with individual sound, smooth, dance style tunes, often simple melodies made difficult with jazz variations, syncopation
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(James) Brian Bonsor

  • 1926 -
  • Scottish
  • Contemporary composer, pianist and recorder player
  • Has written and arranged many pieces for recorder and piano
  • Repertoire: Piano - Feelin' Good, Dreamy
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