Music GCSE revision notes - Jeff Buckley

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Which style is this song from?
Folk-rock.
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Which album is this song from?
This song is the title song of the album "Grace", released in 1994.
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Which different vocal techniques are used throughout the song?
Falsetto, vibrato, portamento (note scoops), screaming (at points), improvisations (in the outro - Buckley reaches a top G), vocal harmonies in bridge, vocalising (oohs and aahs).
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How is the electric guitar used in different ways?
Plucking, strumming, percussive sound (hitting the strings), distortion, pick-scraping, sliding, glissando, palm muting, hammer-ons, pull offs.
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Describe the four main guitar riffs.
Made up of semiquavers – played by electric guitar in intro. In the verses electric guitar plays broken chords. Acoustic guitar plays rhythmic, percussive riff in verses and choruses. In final section both guitars play a fourth riff.
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Which electronic effects are used?
Delay (on vocal), EQ (on vocal), Flanger (on guitar), and distortion (on one guitar).
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Which instruments are used?
Lead and backing vocals, electric guitar, acoustic guitar, bass guitar, drum kit, synthesizer (heard clearly in the intro – uses a wailing sound), and strings.
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Describe the structure of this set work.
Intro – Verse 1 – Pre-chorus – Chorus – Link (from Intro) – Verse 2 – Pre-chorus – Chorus - Bridge – Link – Verse 3 – Outro (same chords as chorus).
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Describe how the key of this song is used.
There is no set key. The song is minor or modal, but most sections have a tonal centre of E.
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Which kind of chords are played on the guitar?
Power chords.
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What is interesting about the guitar's tuning?
The guitar uses drop-D tuning, meaning the low E string is tuned down to a D.
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Describe the dynamics of the song.
The song starts quietly, but gets louder due to the layering of instruments.
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Which time signature does this song use?
12/8. This is unusual as this time signature is very heavily associated with folk music - not rock music, which is typically written in 4/4.
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How does the song feel faster at the beginning?
The guitar plays semiquaver patterns.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Which album is this song from?

Back

This song is the title song of the album "Grace", released in 1994.

Card 3

Front

Which different vocal techniques are used throughout the song?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How is the electric guitar used in different ways?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe the four main guitar riffs.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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