Minerals

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  • Created by: zoe
  • Created on: 13-03-14 16:45
What are the sources of potassium?
yeast extract, dried fruit, pulses, leafy green vegetables, whole grains, fruit juice
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What are the functions of potassium?
works with sodium to allow electrolytes to move in and out of cells, allows nerves and muscles to work
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What can a potassium deficiency cause?
heart attacks
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What are the sources of iron?
liver, kidney, corned beef, cocoa, plain chocolate, watercress, white bread, curry powder, treacle, dried fruit and pulses
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What are the functions of iron?
helps transport oxygen and produces energy, important for haemoglobin, required for blood, needs vitamin C to be absorbed
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What can an iron deficiency cause?
anaemia, general health and concentration is affected
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What are the sources of fluoide?
seafood, fluoridated water
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What are the functions of fluoride?
helps calcium stay in bones and teeth, protects teeth, makes teeth resistant to acid
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What can a fluoride deficiency cause?
tooth decay
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What are the sources of phosphorus?
plant and animal cells, cereal products, nuts, meat, bananas, fish
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What are the functions of phosphorus?
aids formation of bones and development of teeth, provides energy
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What can a phosphorus deficiency cause?
tetany (twitching of hands and feet), flaccid (floppy) muscles
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What are the sources of sodium?
fish, manufactured foods
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What are the functions of sodium?
maintains fluids, preserves food
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What can a sodium deficiency cause?
illness if too much is lost by sweating
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What are the sources of calcium?
milk, cheese, white bread, canned fish bones, hard water, green vegetables
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What has to be added to white bread by law?
calcium
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What are the functions of calcium?
healthy bones and teeth, helps injury blood clot, ensures correct working of nerves and muscles, replace and make bone
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What can a calcium deficiency cause?
osteoporosis, rickets, non working properly muscles and nerves
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What are the sources of iodine?
seafood, seaweed, milk, meat, eggs
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What are the functions of iodine?
development of foetus nervous system, helps hormone production
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what can an iodine deficiency cause?
goitre (neck swelling), lowers metabolism
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Card 2

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What are the functions of potassium?

Back

works with sodium to allow electrolytes to move in and out of cells, allows nerves and muscles to work

Card 3

Front

What can a potassium deficiency cause?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What are the sources of iron?

Back

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Card 5

Front

What are the functions of iron?

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