memory ; types of ltm

who realised msm ltm view too simplistic?
tulving
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and proposed how many ltm stores?
three
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called?
episodic / semantic / procedural memory
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episodic memory
digndign
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refers to?
ability to recall events from our lives
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likened to what?
a diary of daily happenings e.g gig last week / psych class yday
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are these memories more complex than seem?
yes
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what does it mean that they are 'time-stamped'?
you remember when they happened e.g yday / last week / an hour ago
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what are all interwoven to produce a single episodic memory?
people places objects behaviours many elements
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what do you have to do to recall these memories?
concious effort
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can you do it quickly?
yes
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but?
still aware you're searching for that time you fell over last week and scraped your arm like a ********
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semantic memory
dfigndif
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what does this store contain?
knowledge of the world
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so broadly this basically includes?
facts
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what has this type of memory been likened to?
encyclopaedia / dictionary
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so includes knowledge of like?
applying to uni / taste of apples / meaning of words / which episode of the office it is when jim goes you look nice today dwight and dwight replies thanks girl
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contains knowledge of a number of?
concepts e.g animals / acting / lady bird / justin timberlake
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are these memories time stamped?
no e.g we dont rlly remember the first time we learned about justin beiber (except like i do so whats that?)
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is it personal?
no
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because it's more about?
the facts that we all share as people
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but more than facts it also contains?
immense collection material which is constantly being added to
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procedural memory
dfifbdg
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memory for?
actions / skills / how to do things
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what's different about recalling this?
don't need conscious awareness / effort
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what is a bare good example?
driving a car / tying a shoelace
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the sort of skills you'd find difficult to...
describe to someone else
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EVALUATION
DFIONGDG
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:) clinical evidence
ssf
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which case studies support?
HM + clive wearing
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what in both men had been severely impaired bc of amnesia?
episodic memory
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and had great difficulty recallling?
events from their past
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but what type of memory was relatively uneffected?
semantic memory
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so in the case of a dog?
wouldn't remember stroking one 30m ago, wouldn't remember having one but would know what it was
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if they could still tie their laces that also meant?
procedural memory intact
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what is this therefore clear evidence of?
different types of memory in different areas of brain
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because?
one can be damaged but others are unaffected
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:) neuroimaging evidence
digndg
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what did tulving et al find about episodic and semantic memories?
both recalled from same place
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which as?
prefrontal corted
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which one was on left and which on right?
semantic left / episodic right
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which view does this finding support?
physical reality to diff types ltm
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why is the validity further supported>
has been found in other studies
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:) real-life application
difgdfig
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what does the id of diff aspects allow psychs 2 do?
target certain types of memory to better ppls lives
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what did belleville demonstrate about old ppl?
episodic memories could be improved in those w/ mild cognitive impairment
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because in findings of study?
trained pps performeed better than ctrl group in episodic memory test
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what is the memory type most often effected by mild cog impairment?
episodic memory
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which is>
the time one
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this awareness highlights benefit as it enables specificity of what?
treatments
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EVAL EXTRA
SDIGNSD
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:( problems with clinical evidence
ddindig
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why aren't case studies perfect in generalisability?
using abnormal sample to determine normal
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and with variables?
lack ctrl
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and proposed how many ltm stores?

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three

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called?

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episodic memory

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Card 5

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refers to?

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