Types of long term memory

  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 22-04-19 08:51
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  • Types of long term memory
    • Episodic memory
      • A form of LTM for events occurring in a person's life
      • Autobiographical record of personal experiences
      • Prefrontal cortex is associated with episodic memories
      • Requires conscious thought and is declarative
      • Case study of episodic memory; HM and Clive Wearing
    • Semantic memory
      • A type of LTM for meanings and general knowledge
      • Coding associated with frontal and temporal lobes
      • Requires conscious thought and is declarative
    • Procedural memory
      • A type of LTM for the performance of particular actions
      • Mainly associated with primary motor cortex, cerebellum and pre-frontal cortex
      • Unconscious (automatic) and not declarative
    • Evaluation
      • Amnesia patients have difficulty with episodic and semantic, no problems with procedural
        • Evidence for different types of LTM
      • Heavily relies on case studies as evidence
        • Highly unreliable and can't generalise
        • Allows us to inspect naturally occurring stimuli
      • Tulving (1994) PET scans used to show how types of LTM are stored in different brain areas

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