Medicine through time

Prehistoric, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Roman, Middle Ages, Rennaissance, Modern 

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Chloe
  • Created on: 19-04-14 15:19
When Was Prehistoric Period?
10,000 BC to 3,000BC
1 of 15
Why did religion limit the progress of medicine in the Prehistoric Period?
-belief in "spirit world", bad spirits cause disease so didn't look for natural explanation, cures restricted to supernatural eg trephining,charms, medicine man spells and chants etc.
2 of 15
Why did Government limit progress in Prehistoric Period?
-no settled government, nomadic lifestyle, planning and funding not available
3 of 15
Why did economy limit progress in the prehistoric period?
- hunter/gatherer lifestyle, subsistence economy only (only searching for basic needs eg food water shelter etc)
4 of 15
Why did Technology limit progress in Prehistoric Period?
-primitive tools eg flints and arrowheads, caused infection often and no way to lessen pain
5 of 15
Why did Education limit progress in Prehistoric Period?
-no written language, no schools, no record of prior knowledge, skills and knowledge passed on in oral tradition only
6 of 15
Why did Communication limit progress in Prehistoric Period?
-No written laguage ( prehistory means before written history), communication by word of mouth only ( no books etc.), ideas restricted to a narrow circle ( couldn't share with other tribes)
7 of 15
What were the supernatural treatments in Prehistoric Period?
- charms, quartz crystal to draw out and capture evil spirits, pointing stick (point at enemies to capture and hide soul, steal others pointing bone, hide make them ill), bury hair, nail and excrement to stop evil spirits using it, placebo effect
8 of 15
What were the natural treatments in Prehistoric Period?
-broken bones were covered in mud dried then covered in sticks to hold in place, teetree used to treat cuts, plants and herbs
9 of 15
Who treated the ill in Prehistoric Period?
-witch doctors, medicine men/women, shaman: medical care for natural and supernatural, elder respected member of tribe
10 of 15
How do we learn about Prehistoric Medicine using Archaeology?
-cave drawings/structures, tools/weapons, artifacts,animal bones, special projects (stone henge) require large numbers of people so ideas shared: meet when lots of food eg late summer/autumn
11 of 15
How do we learn about prehistoric medicine using Archaeopathology?
-study bones to see what diseases and health problems they had, skulls healed over hole so people survived trephining, osteoarthritis from carry heavy loads
12 of 15
Problems with Archaeopathology for learning about prehistoric medicine?
Not whole skeletons as bones separated and taken for rituals, couldn't tell if died of things like a heart attack, many bones decayed too much to be useful
13 of 15
How do we learn about prehistoric medicine from studying aboriginal tribes today?
-similar attitudes and actions towards cause and cures of medicine, similar style of life, spiritual medicine-evil spirits, rituals etc.
14 of 15
What is Prehistory?
-before written record, ended at different times for different societies, some societies today are prehistoric, in england the romans introduced writing in 43AD
15 of 15

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why did religion limit the progress of medicine in the Prehistoric Period?

Back

-belief in "spirit world", bad spirits cause disease so didn't look for natural explanation, cures restricted to supernatural eg trephining,charms, medicine man spells and chants etc.

Card 3

Front

Why did Government limit progress in Prehistoric Period?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why did economy limit progress in the prehistoric period?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why did Technology limit progress in Prehistoric Period?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Medicine through time (OCR History A) resources »