Medicine through time- Roman Britain

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What public health projects did the Romans spend their wealth on?
Aquaducts, Public latrines, Public baths, Sewage systems and Gymnasiums
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What are aquaducts?
Tall bridge structures to carry water to cities providing them with a clean supply
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What were public baths like?
Baths were used after the gym often- Caldarium (Hot bath), Tepidarium (Warm bath), Fridgidarium (Cold bath))
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Why was public health importanty for the army?
Their army was the basis of their power so it was important that soldiers were healthy to fight
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Was money used to pay for discovering cures?
No- It was spent on public services to increase public hygiene therefore preventing the spread of illness
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Were many cures used during Roman Britain?
No- The Romans prefered prevention rather than finding cures
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What methods were used to help cure disease at this time?
Clinical observation, religion (god would heal them), traditional/herbal remedies and trephaning/bleeding
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How did most medical knowledge come about?
Through treating wounded gladiators and soldiers
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How did the capture of slaves from different countries benefit the Romans?
It brought in foreign doctors
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Who was Galen?
Claudius Galen was a Greek physician from Pergamum and was trained at Alexandria
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What was the only way Galen could dissect humans?
He dissected bodies that were hanged or bodies washed from cemetries during flooding
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Why was Roman medical knowledge limited?
The Romans didn't allow dissection of human bodies so only animals were dissected e.g monkeys
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What are some of the mistakes Galen made on anatomy?
The jawbone was two bones (like a dogs), there were blood vestles in the brain, muscles were attatched to the bone and blood was created in the liver
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Who created the theory of the four humours?
Hippocrates
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What is the theory of the four humours?
Black/yellow bile, phlegm and blood were the four humours. These needed to be balenced as if they wern't and illness would be formed
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Who created the theory of opposites?
Galen
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What was the theory of opposites?
It was based off the four humours- A cold cucumber could cure a hot fever and a hot pepper could cure a cold
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How did the Romans diagnose?
Galen maintained the practise of clinical observation- Patients were carefully observed
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What was Roman surgery like?
Practical first aid was good , the Romans developed the caesarean and many surgical tools however doctors didn't have anaesthetics, only herbal remedies
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Why were the army camps sited in clean places?
When camps were sited next to swamps soldiers could get maleria
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are aquaducts?

Back

Tall bridge structures to carry water to cities providing them with a clean supply

Card 3

Front

What were public baths like?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why was public health importanty for the army?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Was money used to pay for discovering cures?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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