GCSE AQA History- Medicine through time

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  • Medicine throughout time
    • Medieval times AD 500- 1500
      • Hippocrates (460BC - 377BC)
        • Often considered the farmer of medicine
        • Hippocratic oath was adapted as a guide to condct by medical profession
        • Refrain from causing harm or hurting someone
        • Known to reject spiritually reasonings rather than going to the gods
        • Four Humours
          • Idea that the four humours should be balanced
          • They would treat people based off of what their four humours were like
        • Importance of his work
          • Showed the importance of writing observations down such as symptoms and development of diseases this allowing people to see how they can treat them.
          • Moved on from believing that diseases were caused by god and only god could cure them
      • Galen (130AD - 210AD)
        • Roman, became most famous doctor in the Roman empire and theories dominated European medicine for 1500 years
        • Galen was the originator of the experimental method in medical investigation and dissected animals in his quest to understand how the body functioned
        • Some of his observations were accurate, he proves that urine came from the kidney and that arteries carry blood
        • Galen accepted the Greek theory of the 4 humours as the cause of disease
      • Dark ages
        • Romans left Britain in AD 40, Britain went back to uncultured ways. Next 500 years known as dark ages
        • Many different invasion in Britain from different people such as the Saxons and Vikings
        • Development of medicine went dark
        • Became dangerous to travel so there were fewer opportunities for doctors to learn or train

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