Medicine Through Time

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Hippocrates
Theory of the Four Humours
1 of 91
Galen
Theory of Opposites
2 of 91
Avicenna
The canon published in 1025. Arab influence
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Rhazes
Arab Doctor
4 of 91
Roger Bacon
arrested after challenging Galens views
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Christain Church
supported views of galen
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Crausades
Gained knowledge from war
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Natural, Supernatural, astrology
why people were ill, treatments in medieval times
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1123
St Bartholomews opened
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1345
fines for littering
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1388
no dumping poo in rivers
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13th Centuary
Stone lined Cesspits
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Physicians
expensive, learnt the work of Galen at Uni
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Barber surgeon
was a barber, 7 years apprentiship, zodiac chart, teeth letting, no idea of germs
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Wise woman
care at home, traditional remedies, generations of knowledge
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Apothocaries
wine, spices, herbs, vast knowledge
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John of Arderne
battlefield surgeon, hemlock opium, didnt charge poor, charged rich a lot
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1348
Black death
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How many died during The Black Death?
1.5 million
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symptoms of the Black death
chills, headaches, fever, weakness, dehydration
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why did the black death spread so quickly?
People lived close together, knew little about diseases
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Royal Society
Meeting place for the educational
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1450
Gutenburg created printing press
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Vesalius
Challenged Galen, stole bodies and disected them. good to be alive in renaissance. human anatomy. 2,000 mistakes
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Pare
1536 battle field surgeon. egg yolk, rose oil, turpintime used to seal wounds when run out of hot oil
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1552
pare introduced the ligature
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1628
Harvey discovered the heart pumped the same blood around body one way by valves. circulatory system. published book.
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Thomas Sydenham
common diseas, book in 1676
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John Hunter
Digestion and teeth and bone growth.
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The Great Plague
1665
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how many died in the great plague?
65,000
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1718
Lady Mary Montague discovered innoculations in Turkey
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1796
Edward Jenner Vacination
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Edward Jenner
Found out milk maids didnt get small pox if they had already had cowpox. injected boy called James Phipps and he didnt get small pox. weaker strain made him immune
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Plague Doctor
carried flowers, lucky charms, leather hat and clothes, covered body,beak stuffed with herbs to warn off bad air, wooden stick so didnt have to touch people
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what was believed to have caused disease in medieval era
GOD
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what was believed to have caused disease in Renaissance
Miasma (bad air)
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Why wasn't vacinations brought in instantly?
Edward Jenner wasnt believed. He didnt have enough proof
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1850's
vaccinations made compulsory
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1867
working class men given vote
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1848
public health act to provide sewers, inefective and not compulsory
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1875
public health act. provide sewers clean water collect rubbish , made compulsory
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Louis Pasteur
questioned spontanous generation
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1861
Germ Theory by Louis Pasteur published. air is full of microbes, some in more areas
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1865
Charles chamberland immuniology chicken cholera, forgot he had left the disease in an agar plate, microbes infected it, came back injected chicken, didnt get cholera
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Robert Koch
agar plate, dye microbes, test mice with anthrax
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1905
Robert Koch given Nobel Prize
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Public Health in Industrial Revolution (19th centuary)
Poor, slums due to mass migration, disease spread easily
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Farr
recorded births, deaths and Marriages
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Booth
1903- 35% of London is poor
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Rowntree-1901
Research in York 28% didn't have wage to live on, Came up with 'poverty line'
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James Simpson-1831
chloroform
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Queen Victoria
used chloroform during the birth of her 8th child
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James simpson
used chloroform on Hannah Greener for toe nail surgery, she overdosed and died.
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Use of Chloroform
surgeons became more ambitious, which was dangerous
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Lister discovered Carbolic acid
1865
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listers Death rate Fell
1866- 46% 1870- 15%
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Semmelwies
wash hands, death rate fell from 12% - 1%
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Asepsis
NO GERMS
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Florence Nightingale
Military hospital crimean war, improved care for people
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1854
John Snow discovered Chlorea Epidemic from Broad Street pump. He mapped out usage and 80% of those infected with disease used the pump
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1909
Magic Bullet Salvarsion 606
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1911
Salvarsion 606 remade with no side effects
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Domangk- sulphomide however didnt treat staphyloccocus
1932
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1928
Alexander Fleming discovered Pennicillin
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How did Fleming discover penicillin?
went on holiday, grew mould, when returned bacteria hadnt spread where mould had grown.
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1929
Fleming posted findings in medical journal, no testing so evidence was ignored
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1938
Florey and Chain offered £25 from UK to fund research into penicillin. America offered to give funding
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1940
Florey and Chain tested penicillin on mice
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February 1st 1941
Policeman given Penicillin after being infected with staphyloccocus, Penicillin run out and he died. However he did get better when taking penicillin
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1942
mass production of Penicillin in america. saved thousands of lives during D-day
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Gilles
WW1 plastic surgeon, treated over 200,000
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Archibald McIndoe
Plastic Surgeon in WW2, Gilles cousin
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McIndoe awarded CBE
1944
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Banard - 1967
first transplant
75 of 91
Creation of NHS
1948
76 of 91
1906 reform
Compensation for injured at work
77 of 91
1907- reform
school medical inspections
78 of 91
Boar War
2/3 men were unfit to sign up
79 of 91
1914- reform
Free School meals- not compulsory
80 of 91
1911
National Insurance Act
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Chadwick report
lifestyle linked to health. bad health costing us as a nation. Boards of health.
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Bazalgette
sewerage systems
83 of 91
The great stink
1858
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Beveridge Report
Want, Disease, squalor, ignorance,idleness
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NHS
free health care, excluding teeth as country teeth was in bad condition
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1895
Creation Of Xray
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Thalidomide
caused birth defects in 1960's babies
88 of 91
1978
First Test tube Baby
89 of 91
modern Alternatives
Homeopathy (natural remedies) and accupuncture
90 of 91
modern Alternatives
Homeopathy (natural remedies) and accupuncture
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Theory of Opposites

Back

Galen

Card 3

Front

The canon published in 1025. Arab influence

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Arab Doctor

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

arrested after challenging Galens views

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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