Medicine through time 1

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Who continued the 4 humours theory?
Galen, he also extended the theory to have them in opposition to each other.
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Who was the first person to use Opium for Anesthesia?
Al-Razi, he also wrote over 200 books.
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What are the two main types of Plague?
Bubonic and Pneumonic.
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How many hospitals were there in England by 1400?
500, they were organised through the cristian church.
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What year was the printing press invented?
1455, this allowed the massive production of books and writings, without using the church as a medium.
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In 1543, who proved Galen wrong?
Andreus Vesalius, he published '' The Fabric Of The Body''.
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What did Ambroise pare develop in 1570s?
Ligatures. This reduced the risk of infection.
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Who published '' An Anatomical Account Of The Motion Of The Heart And Blood'' in 1628?
William harvey
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In 1665, almost 69,000 people died of what?
The Great Plague
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What did Antony Van Leeuwenhoek create in 1668?
A superior microscope, it magnified upto 200 times.
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Who brought over Inoculation , from Turkey, in 1721?
Lady Montague
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Who discovered that cowpox could treat smallpox?
Edward jenner
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What did Humphrey Davy discover in 1799?
Nitrous Oxide, AKA Laughing Gas.
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What year was the Cholera Epidemic?
1831
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What were some side-effects of Cholera?
Muscle cramps, diarrhoea, dehydration and fever.
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Who reports on the state of health of the people in cities, towns and villages to the PLC ( poor law commission) , in 1842
Edwin Chadwick
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William Morton successfully used WHAT for Anaesthetics in surgery, in 1846?
Ether
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Horace Wells used what as an Anaesthetic fot the first time, in 1845?
Nitrous oxide
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Ignaz Semmelweiss ordered his students to do WHAT , in 1847?
Wash their hands
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What did James Simpson discover in 1847?
Chloroform
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Who becomes the first female doctor in the USA, in 1847?
Elizabeth Blackwell
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What year was the first PHA ( Public health act ) in britain?
1848
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In the Crimean war, which two women contributed to the improvements in hospitals?
Florence Nightingale and Mare Seacole
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In 1928, who discovered Penecillin?
Alexander fleming
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Florey and Chain worked on producing WHAT as a drug, in 1930s?
Penecillin
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Who published the Blueprint for the NHS ( National health service), in 1942?
William Beveridge
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What year was the NHS act?
1946
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What organisation was setup in 1948?
WHO ( World Health Organisation)
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Using Hypothermia, the first WHAT was performed ,in 1950?
open - heart surgery
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The first WHAT transplant was in 1952, in America?
Kidney
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Charges of what were introduced to the NHS ,in 1952?
1 shilling for a perscription
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James Watson and Francis Crick discover WHAT, in 1953?
DNA structure
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What pill was introduced in 1961?
The contraceptive pill
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Who performed the first heart transplant, in 1967?
Christian Bernard. The patient lived for 18 days.
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The first WHAT was in 1978?
Test tube baby.
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What does NOD stand for?
National Organ Donor. The register was created in 1944.
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What 24hr telephone service begins in 1998?
NHS direct
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who was the first person to use Opium for Anesthesia?

Back

Al-Razi, he also wrote over 200 books.

Card 3

Front

What are the two main types of Plague?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many hospitals were there in England by 1400?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What year was the printing press invented?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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