LING210 Foregrounding in Language

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What is the difference between internal & external deviation
1.external: deviation from a norm set up external to the text 2.internal: deviation against a norm set up by the text itself
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What are discoursal deviations a text can make?
texts should begin at the beginning of a sentence, and the same with discourses e.g. shouldn't start with a conclusion
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Graphological deviations
the visual appearance of written text on a page e.g. spelling, layout, font etc.
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Lexical deviations
structure and use of individual words, e.g. a new word is created
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Grammatical deviations
1. lists: cats, dogs & birds vs. cats and dogs and birds 2. rearranging word order: to fit a rhyming scheme?
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Semantic deviations
relations that are logically inconsistent/ paradoxical
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What is parallelism?
results from the creation of similarity *** difference at one or more linguistic levels e.g. the repetition of some but not all linguistic features
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How can grammar be shown in parallelism?
end stopped lines: cases where the line line breaks correspond to the end of a sentence/ clause, usually marked by punctation
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In terms of parterres of foregrounding- what is the congruence of foregrounding?
the co-occurance of foregrounding features at different linguistic levels in the same stretch of text
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In terms of parterres of foregrounding- what is the cohesion of foregrounding?
different foregrounding features in different parts of the text pointing towards the same meaning or effect
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Card 2

Front

What are discoursal deviations a text can make?

Back

texts should begin at the beginning of a sentence, and the same with discourses e.g. shouldn't start with a conclusion

Card 3

Front

Graphological deviations

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Lexical deviations

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Grammatical deviations

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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