Ling208 Phonology Lexis/ Semantics

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How many words does a 17 year old learn/ year?
10000
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At what point do children learn many more words?
50 words
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In what instances do children show less of a vocabulary 'spurt'
with siblings
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Why did Gentner claim nouns are easier to learn than verbs?
because they are conceptually easier
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Why did Ambridge claim nouns are easier to learn than verbs?
because they are used more often in adult language
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How is language used with activities?
language serves as an accompaniment to each activity
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Over extension is:
a child refers to something as a word outside its category
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Under extension is:
a child uses a word in the incorrect context
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How do children work out word meanings?
follow lexical constraints and social cues
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In terms of lexical constraints- what is whole object assumption?
children learn the whole object before any detail and assume an object has its name due to shape instead of semantic meaning
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In terms of lexical constraints- what is mutual exclusivity?
if we already give the name of the whole, children then label the part of the object
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Explain joint attention in terms of lexical constraints
Children who spend more time in joint attentional frames learn more words
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What are potential problems when it comes to word learning
children have to label parts of objects, and they have to learn multiple labels for one and the same object
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What is word organisation based on meaning?
synonyms are acquired through association with different activities and co-occurance with accompanying speech, and associative links between words are an important role in retrieval of information
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What is word association by form?
learning of words is aided through the transparency of mapping form to meaning e.g. onomatopoeia
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Explain word organisation by morphological relatedness
patterns are made morphologically involving affixes and/ suffixes then applied to other contexts
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Explain how phonological similarity aids word leaning
words that are phonologically similar are more likely to be learned together
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How do children learn combinations of words?
some are already there e.g. compound words
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Card 2

Front

At what point do children learn many more words?

Back

50 words

Card 3

Front

In what instances do children show less of a vocabulary 'spurt'

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why did Gentner claim nouns are easier to learn than verbs?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why did Ambridge claim nouns are easier to learn than verbs?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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