Language and Gender Terminology

Define Gender
Gender refers to the characteristics of women, men, girls and boys that are socially constructed.
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Define Collocations
Give 1 Example
A series of words or terms that co-occur more often than would be expected by chance

For example: 'pretty sure' or 'fast asleep'
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Define Patriarchy
A social system in which men hold the primary power and predominate roles.
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Define Terms of Endearment
A word or phrase used to address or describe a person, animal or inanimate object for which the speaker feels love or affection.
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Define Pejoration
The process by which a word acquires a more negative meaning over time.
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Define Diminutive Suffixes

Give 1 Example
Using 'ess' or 'ette' on the end of words to make them 'feminine' and therefore smaller or weaker

For example, actress
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Define Generic Terms

Give 1 Example
'Man' tends to be used to mean all people; it is a generic term for all of us

For example, manmade, mankind
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Define Lexical Asymmetry

Give 1 Example Pair
Pairs of words which ought to be equal are often not because the female version of the word has negative connotations.

For Example, bachelor and spinster
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Define Marked Terms
A word that is amended in order to signal gender- either by the addition of another word or a diminutive suffix.
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Define Hedges
Terms which tend to include modal expressions and vague terms. Non- absolute language.
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Define Empty Adjectives

Give 1 Example
An adjective that adds little meaningful context.

For example, cute or lovely
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Define Tag Questions

Give 1 Example
A question added to the end of a statement but does not change the statement.

For example, 'it is nice outside today, isn't it?'
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Define Coarse Language
Subset of language considered impolite, rude or offensive.
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Define Hypercorrect Grammar
Non-standard use of grammar that results from over application or perceived rule.
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Define Super Polite Forms
Adding phrases in attempt to display good manners.
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Define Perpetuate
Continuous/ continuing
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Define Socialisation
The process of internalising the norms and ideologies of society.
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Define Dichotomy
A division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different.

In other words, juxtaposition or oxymoron
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Define Binary Opposite
A pair of related terms or concepts that are opposite in meaning.
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Define Interjection
A word or expression that occurs as an utterance on its own and expresses spontaneous feeling or reaction.
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Define Androcentric Language
Language centred around men.
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Define Qualifier

Give 1 Example
An optional word or phrase that adds meaning to another word.

For example, unfortunately
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Define Semantic Deterioration
The process by which negative connotations become attached to lexical items.
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Define Semantic Derogation
The sense of negative meaning that some lexical items have attached to them
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Define Negative Semantic Space
Julia Stanley refers to this as being created due to the fact that terms for women are often 'marked' e.g. 'women drivers' or 'working mothers'.
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Define Special Lexicon
Having more specific term for things e.g. colours.
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Define Expletive
A swear word.
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Define Intensifier
A word used to give force or emphasis e.g. really
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Define Genderlect
A style of speech/ communication used by a particular gender.
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Define Sociolect
Dialect used by a particular social class.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Define Collocations
Give 1 Example


A series of words or terms that co-occur more often than would be expected by chance

For example: 'pretty sure' or 'fast asleep'

Card 3


Define Patriarchy


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Define Terms of Endearment


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Define Pejoration


Preview of the front of card 5
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