Key Words Families&households

HideShow resource information
Birth rate
The number of live births each 1000 of the population each year.
1 of 65
Bourgeoisie
The capitalist class - the owners of the means of production (factories, machinery, land etc).
2 of 65
Chosen families
Friends who care a lot about each other, so they provide the same love and support as family members.
3 of 65
Civil partnership act
The 2004 Civil Partnership Act has given same-sex couples similar legal rights to married couples in respect of pensions, inheritance, tenancies and property.
4 of 65
Cohabitation
Living with someone you are not yet married to.
5 of 65
Conflict theory
A perspective that emphasize the social, political inequality of a social group.
6 of 65
Conjual roles
The roles played by a male and female partner in marriage or in a cohabiting relationship.
7 of 65
Consensus theory
A social theory that holds that a particular political or economic system is a fair system, and that social change should take place within the social institutions provided by it.
8 of 65
Death rate
The number of deaths per 1000 of the population per year.
9 of 65
Demography
The study of population, including birth, death, fertility and mortality rates, immigration and emigration, and age structure, as well as the reasons for changes in these.
10 of 65
Dependency culture
Where people assume that the state will support them, rather than relying on their own efforts and taking responsibilities for their families.
11 of 65
Dependency ratio
The relationship between the size of the working population and the non-working or dependent population.
12 of 65
Difference feminism
Acknowledges that there are differences between men and women that do not, or should not, be considered equally.
13 of 65
Dual burden
When a person is responsible for two jobs. Usually applied to women who are in paid work but also responsible for domestic labour.
14 of 65
Diseases of affluence
A term sometimes given to selected diseases and other health conditions which are commonly thought to be a result of increasing wealth in a society.
15 of 65
Divorce
The legal dissolution of a marriage by a court or other competent body.
16 of 65
Domestic division of labour
The division of tasks, roles, and duties within the household. With the increased entry of married women into formal employment.
17 of 65
Domestic violence
Violent or aggressive behaviour within the home, typically involving the violent abuse of a spouse or partner.
18 of 65
Emigration
The act of leaving one's own country to settle permanently in another; moving abroad.
19 of 65
Emotion work
The work involved in meeting the emotional needs of other people, e.g. looking after a sick child involves responding to emotional as well as physical needs.
20 of 65
Empty-shell marriage
Spouses live together, remain legally married, but marriage exists in the name only.
21 of 65
Expressive role
A role usually kept by women which means that their role is to create home comfort and take care after other members of the family.
22 of 65
Extended family
Other people within the family live in the house, e.g. Aunts, Uncles or Grandparents.
23 of 65
Feminism
A social movement that strives for the equal rights for women.
24 of 65
Functional fit
Parsons' theory that, with industrialisation, the structure of the family becomes nuclear to fit the needs of industrial society for a geographically and socially mobile labour force.
25 of 65
Functionalism
A consensus perspective in sociology that sees society as based on shared values into which members are socialised.
26 of 65
Ideology
A system of ideas and ideals, especially one which forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.
27 of 65
Immigration
The action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country.
28 of 65
Individualism
The habit of being independent and self-reliant.
29 of 65
Infant mortality rate
The number of infants who die before their first birthday, per 1000 live births per year.
30 of 65
Joint conjual role
Where husbands and wives share housework and childcare, decisions and leisure time.
31 of 65
Legal seperation
An arrangement by which a couple remain married but live apart following a court order.
32 of 65
Liberal feminism
Argue for full gender equality in the family.
33 of 65
Life expectancy
How long on average people who are born in a given year can expect to live.
34 of 65
Living apart together
Couples who are in a significant relationship but not married or cohabiting.
35 of 65
March of progress
Argues that over the past few centuries the position of children in Western societies has been steadily improving and today is better than ever.
36 of 65
Marxism
A political and economic theory, later developed on the basis of communism.
37 of 65
Marxist feminism
Argues that the man causes the oppression of women in the family.
38 of 65
Migration
The movement of people from one place to another.
39 of 65
Modernsim
Modern character or quality of thought, expression or technique.
40 of 65
Nanny state
A government that tries to give too much advice or make too many laws about how people should live their lives, especially about eating, smoking, or drinking alcohol.
41 of 65
Natural change
The difference between the number of births and the number of deaths in a population, resulting in either a natural increase or natural a decrease.
42 of 65
Net migration
The difference between the number of immigrants entering a country and the number of emigrants leaving it.
43 of 65
The New Right
A conservative political perspective whose supporters believe in self-reliance and individual choice, rather than dependence on the state.
44 of 65
Neo-conventional family
A dual earning family in which both spouses go to work.
45 of 65
Nuclear family
A two-generation family of a man and a woman and their dependent children, own or adopted.
46 of 65
One-person household
An arrangement in which one person makes provision for thier own food or other essentials for living without combining with any other person to form part of a multi-person household.
47 of 65
Patriarchal oppression
A set of ideas that support and justify the power of men.
48 of 65
Patriarchy
A male dominated society.
49 of 65
Polygamy
Mum/Dad has lots of different husbands/wives.
50 of 65
Proletariat
The working class in capitalist society - they own no means of production and are 'wage slaves', forced to sell their labour-power to the bourgeoisie in order to survive.
51 of 65
Push/Pull factor
A force which acts to drive people away from a place and the pull factor is what draws them to a new location.
52 of 65
Radical feminism
Argue that society has been founded on patriarchy.
53 of 65
Secularisation
A decline in religion.
54 of 65
Segregated conjual roles
Where husbands and wives do not share housework and childcare, decisions and leisure time.
55 of 65
Serial momogomy
When someone is married, divorced and then re-married and sometimes a further divorce and re-marriage.
56 of 65
Social inequality
Refers to the ways in which socially-defined categories of persons (according to characteristics such as gender, age, 'class' and ethnicity) are differentially positioned with regard to access to a variety of social 'goods', such as the labour market
57 of 65
Social policy
The actions, plans and programmes of government bodies and agencies that aim to deal with a problem or achieve a goal, e.g. raising levels of educational attainment.
58 of 65
Socialisation
The process by which an individual learns the culture of society.
59 of 65
Step family
A family that is formed or the re-marriage of a divorced or widowed person that includes a child or children.
60 of 65
Symmetrical family
The nuclear family with more equal and joint conjual roles, in which husbands participate in domestic labour as well as being breadwinners, and wives go out to work as well as being home-makers. The couple sped their leisure time together.
61 of 65
Total fertility rate
The average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime.
62 of 65
Triple shift
The triple shift is when a woman is responsible for three jobs: taking care of the children, having her own job and doing the housework.
63 of 65
Value consensus
An agreement about the major values of society.
64 of 65
Welfare state
Where the government/state takes responsibility for people's well being, especially their basic minimum needs.
65 of 65

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The capitalist class - the owners of the means of production (factories, machinery, land etc).

Back

Bourgeoisie

Card 3

Front

Friends who care a lot about each other, so they provide the same love and support as family members.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The 2004 Civil Partnership Act has given same-sex couples similar legal rights to married couples in respect of pensions, inheritance, tenancies and property.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Living with someone you are not yet married to.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Families and households resources »