Key Terms Legal

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a person or group of people who are charged with or on trial for a crime.
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Actus reus
Actus reus is the Latin term used to describe a criminal act.
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an intentional act by one person that creates an apprehension in another of an imminent harmful or offensive contact.
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n undertaking to do an act that entails more than mere preparation but does not result in the successful completion of the act.
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Beyond Reasonable Doubt
Beyond reasonable doubt is the standard of evidence required to validate a criminal conviction in most adversarial legal
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Break and enter
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body of rights, obligations, and remedies that is applied by courts in civil proceedings to provide relief for persons who have suffered harm from the wrongful acts of others.
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An agreement between two or more persons to engage jointly in an unlawful or criminal act, or an act that is innocent in itself but becomes unlawful when done by the combination of actors.
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Criminal negligence
The failure to use reasonable care to avoid consequences that threaten or harm the safety of the public and that are the foreseeable outcome of acting in a particular manner.
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he fraudulent conversion of another's property by a person who is in a position of trust, such as an agent or employee.
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The killing of one human being by another human being.
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Indictable Offence
crime (offense) for which a grand jury rules that there is enough evidence to charge defendant with a felony
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The murder of a new born infant, only mother can be charged and must be young
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Insider trading
n. the use of confidential information about a business gained through employment in a company or a stock brokerage, to buy and/or sell stocks and bonds based on the private knowledge that the value will go up or down
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The unauthorized taking and removal of the Personal Property of another by an individual who intends to permanently deprive the owner of it; a crime against the right of possession.
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The unjustifiable, inexcusable, and intentional killing of a human being without deliberation, premeditation, and malice.
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Mens Rea
A guilty mind
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The unlawful killing of another human being without justification or excuse.
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The state of mind accompanying an act that either pays no regard to its probably or possibly injurious consequences
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A revolt or an incitement to revolt against established authority
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Sexual assault
Sexual assault is any involuntary sexual act in which a person is coerced or physically forced to engage against their will, or any non-consensual sexual touching of a person
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Strict liability
Absolute legal responsibility for an injury that can be imposed on the wrongdoer without proof of carelessness or fault.
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Summary offence
an offence that is triable in a magistrates' court
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Tax evasion
Intentional nonpayment or avoidance of lawfully assessed taxes, especially through fraud or concealment of income.
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The betrayal of allegiance toward one's own country, especially by committing hostile acts against it or aiding its enemies in committing such acts.
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White collar crime
White-collar crime is financially motivated nonviolent crime committed for illegal monetary gain.
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Actus reus


Actus reus is the Latin term used to describe a criminal act.

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Card 5


Beyond Reasonable Doubt


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