Human Body

Method by which food is pushed along digestive system
peristalsis
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Line inside of small intestine
villi
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Centre part of villus
lacteal
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On surface cells of villi
microvilli
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Taking in of food via mouth
ingestion
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Soluble food molecules enter blood
assimilation
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Removal of waste products
egestion
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Where gas exchange in the lungs occurs
alveoli
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Structure found inside kidney
nephron
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where ultrafiltration takes place
bowman's capsule
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Filtrate collected in bowman's capsule
glomerular filtrate
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Liquid that carries the components of blood
plasma
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WBCs, engulf bacteria
phagocytes
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WBCs, produce antibodies
lymphocytes
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Main artery
aorta
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Main vein
vena cava
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Name for veins and arteries to and from lungs
pulmonary
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Name for veins and arteries to and from liver
hepatic
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Name for veins and arteries to and from kidneys
renal
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Name for veins and arteries to and from legs
iliac
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Centre bit of kidney
pelvis
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Fleshy bit of kidney
medulla
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Outer layer of kidney
cortex
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Sticky-outty bits of pelvis in kidney
calyx
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Kidney to bladder tube
ureter
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Bladder to outside tube
urethra
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Bit of brain involved with thermoregulation
hypothalamus
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Converts glucose into glycogen
insulin
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Causes blood to flow close to skins surface
vasodilation
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Causes blood to flow further from skins surface
vasoconstriction
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Response system that uses hormones
endocrine system
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Gap between nerve cells
synapse
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Fat and thick
convex
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Thin (lens etc)
concave
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Shape of lens changing to focus
accommodation
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Muscles found in-between the ribs
intercostal muscles
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Glucose is reabsorbed in first coiled tube
selective reabsorption
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Maintaining a constant internal environment
homeostasis
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Line inside of small intestine

Back

villi

Card 3

Front

Centre part of villus

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

On surface cells of villi

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Taking in of food via mouth

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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