6.1 Structure of the digestive system

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What does the mouth do?
Controls eating and swallowing. Chews food and mixes with salivary amylase which starts chemical digestion.
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What does the oesophagus do?
Moves the food via peristalsis from the mouth to the stomach.
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What does the small intestine do?
Final stages of digestion of lipids, carbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acids, neutralises stomach acid and absorbs nutrients.
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What does the pancreas do?
Secretes lipase, amylase and protease.
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What does the liver do?
Secretes surfactants in bile to break up lipid droplets.
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What does the gall bladder do?
Stores and regulates the release of bile.
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What does the large intestine do?
Re-absorbs water, further digestion of carbohydrates and formation and storage of faeces.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does the oesophagus do?

Back

Moves the food via peristalsis from the mouth to the stomach.

Card 3

Front

What does the small intestine do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does the pancreas do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does the liver do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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