History: German Unification - chronology

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  • Created by: KAustria
  • Created on: 08-03-15 15:12
In 1815, what was created by the congress of Vienna?
The German Confederation
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How many states were in the German Confederation?
39 states
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What was created in 1818 which ignited the development of the Prussian economy?
The Prussian Customs Union - This abolished internal tariffs in Prussia
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What was imposed by Metternich in 1818? Explain this.
Carlsbad Decrees - laws used by Metternich to restrict press and University freedoms in order to prevent the spread of nationalism
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What was economical asset in German Unification was created in 1834? Explain
Zollverein - A customs union of German states excluding Austria. It started with 18 states
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How did Prussia benefit from the creation of the Zollverein? (2)
1.The creation of the Zollverein allowed Prussia to dominate economically. 2. Earned respect from other German states.
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1836 - How many states are part of the Zollverein?
25 states = 26 million people
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1844 - How many states are part of the Zollverein?
34 states. No Austria
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1847 - What happened to Germany (and Europe) economically?
1. Experienced an economical downturn 2. Due to crop failure/ potato blight
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How did the economical depression in the late 1840s affect Germans? (3)
1. Increase in unemployment 2. Increase in food prices = starvation 3. Increase in people living in poverty conditions.
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What happened on March 13th 1948?
Prince- Prime Minister Metternich resigns form his position in Austria.
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Where did riots break out in March 1848?
Berlin
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Who initially supported the radical revolutionaries protesting in Berlin in 1848?
King of Prussia, Frederick Wilhelm IV
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What was formed in May 1848 in response to the revolutions?
Frankfurt Parliament (National Assembly)
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What was a the Frankfurt Parliament?
1. 596 liberals elected from the German Confederation 2. Congregated to plan a constitution for a unified Germany
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What was King Frederick Wilhem's response to the revolutions in November 1848? (3)
1. Rejected revolutions 2. Became a conservative reactionary 3. Regained control of Berlin.
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What did the Frankfurt Parliament agree on in March 1849?
A Kleindeustchland without Austria which was to be led by the King of Prussia.
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Does King Frederick Wilhem IV accept the offer as King of the new German constitution?(3)
1. No 2. Described this a 'crown from the gutter 3. Believed that titles are chosen by God
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What happens to the Frankfurt Parliament in June 1849?
Dissolved
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What was the Erfurt Union (1849)?
Here Prussia proposes leading a German union, excluding Austria.
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What happened on November 29th 1850? (2)
1. Capitulation of Olmutz 2. A meeting in Olmutz where Prussia was forced to back down from the Erfurt Union plan 3. This was due to pressure from Austria.
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What is formed on May 1851?
The German Confederation is re-established,
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1860 - Who is Von Roon?
1. New Prussian Minister of War 2. Introduces military reforms 2. Longer military service 3. Double the size of the army
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Who is appointed the new King of Prussia in 1861?
Wilhelm I
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Who is appointed the 'Minister- President' of Prussia in 1862?
Otto von Bismarck
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The death of King Frederick VII of Denmark in 1861 evokes what response from Bismarck?
Sees this as an opportunity to gain Schleswig and Holstein.
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What war occurs in Januray 1864?
Austria and Prussia go to war against Denmark.
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What was the result of the London Conference in April 1964?
Fails to establish a a peaceful solution to the Holstein-Schleswig dispute.
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Who surrenders in July 1864?
Denmark
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What convention takes place in August 1865?
1. Convention of Gastein
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What are the results of the Convention of Gastein in August 1865? (2)
1. Austria receives Holstein 2. Prussia gets Schleswig
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What was Bismarck's response tot he decisions made in the Convention of Gastein?
Believed that the solution would eventually lead to conflict.
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What started on the 24th June 1866?
Seven Weeks War between Austria and Prussia.
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When and What battle marked the defeat of Austria against Prussia?
Battle of Sadowa - 3rd July 1866
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What ends the war between Austria and Prussia in August 1866?
The Peace of Prague
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What is formed in July 1867?
The North German Confederation under Prussian rule. Southern German states still followed Austria's lead.
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What was the Hohenzollern Candidate crisis? (3)
1. February 1870 2. Bismarck offends the French 3. Attempts to place Leopold of Hozenzollern (Member of King Wilhelm's family) on the throne of Spain.
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When was the Ems Telegram published?
July 13th 1970
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What was the Ems Telegram? (3)
1. Edited by bismarck 2. Illustrated King Wilhem as being rude towards the French Ambassador 3. Topic of the Spanish throne issue.
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When does the Franco-Prussian war begin?
July 19th 1870
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When and What battle marked France's defeat? (3)
1. September 1st 1970 2.Battle of Sedan 3. Napoleon II was captured.
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When and Where do the French army surrender in 1870? (2)
1. February 1870 2. Metz
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What happened on November 1870? (2)
1. Southern German States agree to join German Empire 2. This was influenced by nationalist excitement.
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When and Where was Germany officially created? (2)
1. January 18th 1871 2. Palace of Versailles, France
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Who is Kaiser and Chancellor of the newly unified Germany? (2)
1. Kaiser = Wilhem I 2. Chancellor = Bismarck
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What is signed on the 18th January 1871? (2)
1. Armistice signed by France 2. Signifies the end of the war
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What was the Treaty of Frankfurt? (3)
1. May 1871 2. France gives up Lorraine and Alsace 3. France has to pay Germany £200 million
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What is KultureKampf? (3)
1. 1872 2. Against catholic power in Germany 3. Jesuit priests expelled from Germany
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What act was passed in 1883 and is an example of State Socialism?
Sickness Insurance Act
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What act was passed in 1884 and is an example of State Socialism?
Accident Insurance Act
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In what year did Kaiser Wilhelm I die?
1888
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Who replaces Kaiser Wilhelm I?
Kaiser Wilhelm II
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What was introduced in 1889 and is an example of State Socialism?
Old Age Pensions
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What was Bismarck forced to do in 1890?
Resign as Chancellor
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How many seats did the SPD (Socialist party) have in 1890?
35 seats
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many states were in the German Confederation?

Back

39 states

Card 3

Front

What was created in 1818 which ignited the development of the Prussian economy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was imposed by Metternich in 1818? Explain this.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was economical asset in German Unification was created in 1834? Explain

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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