HISTORY GDR

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  • Created by: Rabia
  • Created on: 24-03-14 22:51
What was the leading party in the GDR
SED - Socialist Unity Party
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Who was the general secretary of the SED
Walter Ulbricht
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What were the Stasi?
Secret police developed by the Ministry of State Security in 1950
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What is the UNITY list for elections?
A list of candidates to vote for all from the same party
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Briefly explain the ACTUAL political order starting from General Secretary
Gen Sect - Politburo - Central Committee - Regional and local - workplace - electorate
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Briefly explain the THEORETICAL political order starting from President
President - Prime Minister - Cabinet - Volkskammer - Lander/Bezirke - Electorate
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Riots of June i.e. June Uprising
June 1953
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16th June 1953
Workers general strike - PROTESTING AGAINST NEW WORK NORMS
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What are the NEW WORK NORMS?
Low wages, longer hours, high taxation increased by 10%
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17th June 1953
372,000 workers in strikes across GDR - WANT SED TO RESIGN. USSR intervene with TROOPS
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When was the CONSTRUCTION OF SOCIALISM announced
2nd Party Conference 1952
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When was it decided to increase WORK NORMS
At Ulbricht's May Directive 1953
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How many civil servants lost their jobs after the June Uprising?
20,000
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How many lesser party members were arrested
6000
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Khrushchev 'SECRET SPEECH' I.E. DESTALINISATION
Feburary 1956
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Further series of strikes
August and September 1956
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Hungarian uprising and more industrial unrest
End of October 1956
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2 Phases of construction of socialism
1)1952 2)1960 BOTH ARE COLLECTIVISATION PROGRAMMES
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How much of agriculture was collectivised after the 2nd wave?
85%
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When and why was rationing reintroduced?
1961 due to shortage of livestock and reduced yields
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USSR demanded what % of all goods?
25%
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SAGs
Set up to produce goods for the USSR as part of Germany's reparations
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VEBs
People owned enterprises. Official form of GDR's industrial enterprises - accounted for 76% nationalised industry
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COMECON
Council for Mutual Economic Aid - 1949 in response to Marshall Aid
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What % of the GDR trade was directed to the Soviet Bloc
76%
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NES
New Economic System 1963
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NOSPL
New economic system for planning and direction
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What were the aims of NES and NOSPL
Reintroduce the profit motive
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What was the GDR workforce in order to implement 5 year plan
3.5 million
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How many workers fled to the West 1945-55
1.4 million
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5 key problems with GDR industry?
Unrealistic 5 year plans, fixed prices for goods, quantity over quality, wages kept low and consumer industries neglected
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Berlin Wall
August 1961
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How many people fled GDR 1949-1961 and how many of them went through Berlin?
2.5 million left and 1.6 million of them via Berlin
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International Crisis
1959 - Foreign Ministers meet in Geneva to rediscuss East -West divide after Khrushchev removes ultimatum deadline
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Paris Summit
May 1960 - Called off due to US plane shot down over USSR
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Spring 1961
GDR prepares for building the wall
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Khrushchev and Kennedy meet
June 1961 - DO NOT RENEW FOUR POWER SUMMIT
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Wall is extended and changed with more security provisions
1962-1971
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Warsaw Pact
1955 - Eastern European states come together under a single military command
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USSR accept GDR as sovereign state
Strengthens GDR position
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NVA
National Peoples Army - 1956
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Hallstein Doctrine abandoned, detente, ostpolitik
Late 1960s GDR relations become better with the WEST
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Walter Ulbricht

Back

Who was the general secretary of the SED

Card 3

Front

Secret police developed by the Ministry of State Security in 1950

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A list of candidates to vote for all from the same party

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Gen Sect - Politburo - Central Committee - Regional and local - workplace - electorate

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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