History Unit 3

  • Created by: cieran_10
  • Created on: 22-12-17 22:11
What happened to the Reich Labour Service in 1935? (2.)
All men between the ages of 18 and 25 had to serve in it for a period of 6 months.
1 of 134
Who did the Reich Labour Service men train alongside?
Military forces.
2 of 134
What did they do at Nazi rallies?
They marched past Hitler with shovels on their shoulders as if they were carrying rifles.
3 of 134
What did the DAF create in 1938? (3.)
The Volkswagen Scheme, which offered cars by paying 5 marks per week to do so.
4 of 134
Why did no-one receive a Volkswagen car?
As the beginning of WW2 stopped production.
5 of 134
Who was Wolfang Willrich and what did he do for the Nazis?
He was a member of the ** and painted the Nazi propaganda in 1938 named, 'Family Portrait.'
6 of 134
Name the 4 Nazi ideals on women.
1) Women should not smoke; it may lead to miscarriage. 2) They should appear natural; makeup was a French obsession. 3) They should dress traditionally and not be overtly sexual. 4) The role of women in the kitchen was crucial.
7 of 134
Name the 2 Nazis ideals on women.
5) Women should be physically robust for bearing children for bearing children. 6) They should be members of the National Socialist Women's League.
8 of 134
What was 'One Pot Sunday'?
When women would use the week's leftovers to make a stew.
9 of 134
Who would check One Pot Sunday?
The Block Wardens and the SA.
10 of 134
Who lead the National Socialist Women's League?
Gertrude Scholtz-Klink.
11 of 134
How many members did the National Socialist Women's League have by 1938?
2 million.
12 of 134
How often were the National Socialist Women's League magazines?
Bi-weekly.
13 of 134
What did the National Socialist Women's League publish and what did it contain?
Magazines that contained training and advice for cooking and cleaning.
14 of 134
Did the National Socialist Women's League offer meetings?
Yes they did.
15 of 134
Which Nazi members wife smoked and was on a cigarette holder?
Geobbels wife, Magda.
16 of 134
How did the cosmetics industry find ways to make money in Germany?
They began to focus on products that made women more natural or aryan, to generate profits.
17 of 134
Why did the Nazis focus on motherhood? (2.)
To support a thriving Aryan population for the 'Thousand Year Reich.'
18 of 134
What loan did the Nazis offer to new couples soon after coming into power?
New Aryan couples received a loan of goods for up to 1000 reichmarks.
19 of 134
What were the terms of the Nazi couple loans? (3.)
That the woman would not work until the loan was paid, the loan must be in goods to help German manufacturing and the couple must be Aryan to encourage Aryan supremacy and non-Aryans were not offered this loan.
20 of 134
What part of the loan encouraged child-bearing?
For every child they couple had the loan would be reduced by a quarter.
21 of 134
How many loans were issued in 1934?
250,000
22 of 134
What happened to the loan terms in 1937 and why did this happen?
The requirement for women to give up work was removed, to encourage the rate of marriage and births further.
23 of 134
What happened to divorces in Germany and why?
They were made easier to obtain, to encourage remarrying and the further births of Aryan children and the race, as wished by the Nazis.
24 of 134
What happened to women in higher education in Germany?
They were severely limited to attend higher education and each university/college could only take on up 10% of women as their student body.
25 of 134
Between what years did marriages increase from 516,000 to 772,000?
1932 and 1939.
26 of 134
When did the number of births begin to decline from a rise in the 1930's?
By 1939.
27 of 134
What was the average number of children per couple in 1932?
3.6
28 of 134
What was the average number of children per couple by 1939?
3.3
29 of 134
Between 1933 an 1939 did the number of women in employment rise or fall?
It rose.
30 of 134
Why did the number of women employed rise or fall between 1933 and 1939?
As the booming economy offered more jobs generically.
31 of 134
How many women were employed in agriculture in 1933?
4.6 million.
32 of 134
How many women were employed in agriculture by 1939?
4.9 million.
33 of 134
How many women were employed in industry between 1933 and 1939?
From 2.7 million to 3.3 million.
34 of 134
Did the number of women in higher education rise or fall in the 1930's?
Fall.
35 of 134
Why did the Nazis regret their decision on reducing the number of women in higher education?
As when they became obsessed with rearmament they needed women to fill the roles of students instead of men in industry.
36 of 134
Why didn't women go back into education by the end of the 1930's?
As they were discouraged by the earlier Nazi policies.
37 of 134
What was the Honour Cross Of The German Mother?
It was a Nazi medal issued to women with larger families.
38 of 134
What was the bronze Honour Cross Of The German Mother for?
Having 4 or 5 children.
39 of 134
What was the silver Honour Cross Of The German Mother for?
Having 6 or 7 children.
40 of 134
What was the gold Honour Cross Of The German Mother for?
Having 8 or more children.
41 of 134
What is a Hitlergrüsse?
A Hitler greeting.
42 of 134
Who was the Reich Education Minister?
Bernhard Rust.
43 of 134
What did Rust say about the school system?
'The whole function of education is to create Nazis."
44 of 134
What happened to politically unreliable teachers and headteachers after the Nazi takeover?
They were dismissed.
45 of 134
What percent of headteachers were dismissed in Berlin after the Nazi takeover?
13%.
46 of 134
What happened to Jewish teachers?
They were banned from teaching in non-Jewish state schools.
47 of 134
What percentage of teachers- by 1936- were a part of the National Socialist Teachers League?
97%.
48 of 134
What did the National Socialist Teachers League run?
Political education courses that forced teaches to do military exercises and learn the latest Nazi ideology.
49 of 134
What happened to teachers that went against the Nazis?
They faced the Nazi machinery of terror.
50 of 134
What did students begin to act as and who would they go to for help?
They began to act as classrooms spies and they would report teachers to the Gestapo for telling an anti-Nazi joke or teaching non-Nazi material.
51 of 134
Who coordinated the military cadet/Napola schools in Germany?
** and SA soldiers that taught military education.
52 of 134
Who coordinated the Adolf Hitler schools in Germany?
Hitler Youth leaders.
53 of 134
What were Adolf Hitler schools established to focus on? (2.)
Creating future Nazi leaders/members by focusing on military and physical education.
54 of 134
What was the enrolment for the Napola and Adolf Hitler schools based upon?
Racial and physical criteria.
55 of 134
Why were the specialist Nazi schools a failure?
As the wholly racial and physical criteria did not result in good candidates always.
56 of 134
By 1939 how many students were schooled in the specialist Nazi schools?
6173 students.
57 of 134
How many Adolf Hitler schools were left by 1939?
10
58 of 134
How many Napola school were left by 1939?
16
59 of 134
From when did schools have to educate children, 'in the spirit of National Socialism.'?
From January of 1934.
60 of 134
What were newly published by the Nazis?
Textbooks.
61 of 134
What were thrown out by German schools?
Old textbooks.
62 of 134
What were teachers constantly sent?
A stream of orders on how to teach Nazism.
63 of 134
Give three things Nazis did to the history curriculum?
1) They centred the course on the struggle between nations and Germany and Aryan supremacy. 2) Strong leadership (Hitler's leadership) was recognised for changing the flow of Germany's history. 3) The defeat of WW1 was scapegoated onto Jews.
64 of 134
Give two things Nazis did to the geography curriculum?
1) They emphasised German pride. 2) They taught about the requirement for Lebensraum for Germany's growth.
65 of 134
Give a thing Nazis did to the physics curriculum?
This was focussed on the science of building firearms and radios and it also taught aerodynamics for the building of planes for war.
66 of 134
Give two things Nazis did to the maths curriculum?
1) This was altered to be social arithmetic. 2) Pupils were given calculations that indoctrinated them with Nazi beliefs.
67 of 134
Give a thing Nazis did to the German curriculum?
Lessons were now to explain how the German language developed from Aryans only.
68 of 134
Give a thing Nazis did to the religious curriculum?
This subject was now greatly reduced and in 1937 it was optional.
69 of 134
Give a thing Nazis did to the PE curriculum?
It was revolved around preparing students for war health and fitness.
70 of 134
What percentage of the timetable did PE take up in the new curriculum?
15%.
71 of 134
Give three things Nazis did to the biology curriculum?
1) It became focussed on the study of race. 2) Girls were taught how to find typical Aryan husbands. 3) Some lessons would entail measuring the features of non-Aryan children of a class of children.
72 of 134
What part of German culture did the Nazis take advantage, to indoctrinate the German youth?
The culture of attending leisure, entertainment and sports clubs.
73 of 134
When was the Hitler Youth set-up?
In the late 1920's.
74 of 134
Who coordinated the Hitler Youth and how many parts did it have?
Baldur von Schirach and it had four parts.
75 of 134
How was the Hitler Youth divided?
Two sections were devoted to both girls and boys and each of these divided into the juniors (aged between 10 an 14) and the seniors (aged 14 to 18.)
76 of 134
When was membership to the Hitler Youth made compulsory?
After 1936.
77 of 134
After what year was it compulsory for youths to attend Hitler Youth meetings?
After 1939.
78 of 134
By 1936 the Hitler Youth was the only Youth organisation that had access to sports facilities and activities, why was this?
As Hitler had shut down many of the other Youth groups.
79 of 134
Give three things that all Hitler Youth groups did?
They sang political songs, they read Nazi books and they paraded through towns.
80 of 134
Give three examples of activities that boys did in the Hitler Youth and why did they do this?
Morse code tests, map reading and firing rifles using live ammunition, to prepare them for the military.
81 of 134
Give two things that the girl's Hitler Youth groups focussed on.
Domestic duties and military nursing.
82 of 134
What did all Hitler Youth groups have the opportunity to do and who would this particularly catch?
Holiday camps that were particularly attractive to the working classes.
83 of 134
In what year were Hitler Youth, Hitler and SA models made and released in?
1935
84 of 134
Give three places that the Hitler Youth were able to access
Out-of-bounds gyms, swimming pools and stadiums.
85 of 134
Give three places that the Hitler Youth would holiday to.
The mountains, by rivers and near the sea.
86 of 134
What type of songs would the Hitler Youth sing?
Ones about Lebensraum, the glory of fighting and dying for their fatherland (Germany.)
87 of 134
What were the Hitler Youth taught about?
About Hitler being a second-God and Hitler's love for the German nation and people. Also, they were taught about Aryan supremacy.
88 of 134
Who would be resentful and bored in Hitler Youth meetings?
The children that avoided physical activity.
89 of 134
What did some children do in the Hitler Youth meetings?
Enjoyed the activities, however resisted the indoctrination.
90 of 134
What did some children hate about the Hitler Youth?
Being forced to attend meetings.
91 of 134
Was there much difference between Weimar Republic school system and the Nazi one?
No, there was not.
92 of 134
Were children examined on German myths?
No.
93 of 134
How many times a week were the Hitler Youth meetings?
Twice a week.
94 of 134
What were the leaders of the Hitler Youth like?
Emotional ans inconsistent.
95 of 134
Would family influence children's political status?
Yes, muchly.
96 of 134
What coating would religious children have against Nazism?
The fact that, 'Christ is more important to us [them] than Hitler.'
97 of 134
Who constructed the perfect Aryan figure statue outside the Reich Chancellory and when was this?
Arno Breker and it was placed there in 1938.
98 of 134
Where did the idea of Aryan-supremacy originate from?
19th century German writers and philosophers.
99 of 134
What did Hans F.K Günther od for the Nazis? (2.)
He he helped to form their racial policy, by sating that there were different types of Aryan people.
100 of 134
Who were the most superior Aryans?
The Nordic group.
101 of 134
What typical features would a Nordic Aryan have? (2.)
Blonde hair and blue eyes.
102 of 134
Name the three different Aryan groups.
The Nordic, the Phalian and the Western.
103 of 134
When were posters published to show the different types of Aryan people in Germany?
1935.
104 of 134
Who did the term Untermenschen/non-Aryans refer to? (4.)
Jews, black people, slavs and gypsies
105 of 134
How was a Jew defined, in accordance wit the Nuremberg Laws?
If you had one to four Jewish grandparents (but you weren't a practicing Jew) you were considered to be Jewish.
106 of 134
Who were Mischling and how were they treated?
Half-Jews (Jews with one to two Jewish grandparents) and these were treated the same as full-Jews.
107 of 134
How did the Nazis identify a Jew or gypsy and how was this carried out?
By their supposed large noses and they carried this out by measuring the public's noses.
108 of 134
When and with what event did the persecution of the the Jews begin socially?
With the boycotting of Jewish shops in April of 1933.
109 of 134
In what year did signs, such as: ones saying, 'No Jews Wanted Here.' appear in parks, shops and restaurants and what effect did the have on the Jewish community?
In 1935 they became common and they socially isolated the Jewish population from the rest of the German population.
110 of 134
In March of 1933, what happened to a Jewish person as a part of physical persecution?
A Jew had his windows smashed in by the SA unlawfully.
111 of 134
What did Micheal Siegel do for a fellow Jew and why in March of 1933?
He represented them as their lawyer, when they unlawfully had their windows smashed in by the SA.
112 of 134
What did the German police do to Siegel in Munich? (2.)
They beat him and forced him to walk through Munich with a sign that said, 'I will never complain to the police.' and they did this in preference to helping him and his client.
113 of 134
When was there a lot of persecution of Jews in Germany?
The summer of 1935.
114 of 134
What did publications in the Nazi reign show about Jews? (3.)
It wrongly portrayed them as money grabbers and communists, intent on destroying Germany.
115 of 134
What type of cartoons did newspapers, such as: the Nazi newspaper, 'Der Stürmer' show Jews as? (2.)
Paedophiles and rapists.
116 of 134
What anti-Semitic children's book was published in 1938 by Julius Streicher (the editor of Der Stürmer?)
Der Giftpilz (the Toadstool.)
117 of 134
How did the Toadstool children's book describe Jews as? (2.)
Poisonous mushrooms and it stated, "Just as a single mushroom can kill whole family, so a solitary Jew can destroy a whole village, a whole city, even an entire nation."
118 of 134
What did an SD member say in 1935 about anti-Semitism coming from Nazi grassroots supporters?
"The persecution of the Jews is not meeting with any active support from the population. On the other hand, it is not completely failing to make an impression. Unnoticed, racial propaganda is leaving its traces. People are losing their impartiality."
119 of 134
When was Kristallnact and give a brief description of the outbreak?
The 9th and 10th of November 1938 and it was the most extreme outbreak of violence against German Jews.
120 of 134
How did Kristallnact get its name?
As there was so much broken glass on the streets (from the attacks), hence it was named the Night of Broken Glass.
121 of 134
What triggered Kristallnact and when?
When a 17 year old polish Jew (Hetschel Grynszpan) assassinated a German embassy official (Ernst Vom Rath) in Paris on the 7th of November 1938.
122 of 134
Why did the polish Jew assassinate the embassy official?
In protest of the German policy of forcing polish Jews to emigrate from Germany.
123 of 134
What happened when the news reaches Germany of their embassy official being assassinated?
There was widespread anger at the Jewish population.
124 of 134
What did Goebbles announce after a Nazi party meeting on the 9th of November 1938?
That the Fuhrer had decided that, "demonstrations should not be prepared or organised by the Party, but insofar as they erupt spontaneously, they are not to be hampered."
125 of 134
What did Hitler Youth groups, local SA groups and Nazi groups do to begin Kristallnact and why?
They began to attack Jewish business and residences, as they interpreted Hitler's message as an official invitation to begin the attacks.
126 of 134
When did the Kristallnact attacks begin and finish?
They began on the night of the 9th of November 1938 and continued through until the early hours of the following day.
127 of 134
How many synagogues were destroyed in the Kristallnact attacks?
267.
128 of 134
How many Jewish-owned commercial shops had their window smashed in and their contents looted in the Kristallnact attacks?
7500.
129 of 134
At least how many Jews were killed in the Kristallnact attacks?
91.
130 of 134
What did police records show a high number of in the Kristallnact attacks?
Rapes and suicides linked to the attacks.
131 of 134
How many Jewish men did the Gestapo and ** arrest and mostly send to concentration camps in the Kristallnact attacks?
Up to 30,000 Jewish men.
132 of 134
What was the knock on effect of the Kristallnact attacks? (2.)
It became known as the first time that Jews had been imprisoned in masse and many Jews died in the following weeks due to the horrific conditions in the concentration camps and general cells.
133 of 134
Did anyone speak out against the Kristallnact attacks?
Nobody at all.
134 of 134

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who did the Reich Labour Service men train alongside?

Back

Military forces.

Card 3

Front

What did they do at Nazi rallies?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did the DAF create in 1938? (3.)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why did no-one receive a Volkswagen car?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Ancient History resources:

See all Ancient History resources »See all Unit 3. resources »