History- (GCSE) Summer Term (Yr.10)

what was a pest house ?
a new type of hospital introduced for people with diseases such as the plague
1 of 71
how did william harvey impact anatomical knowledge ?
he inspired upcoming doctors, went against royal society mainly developed theory of blood flow, benefited from the printing press
2 of 71
who was veralius ?
encouraged dissections, disproved galens theories, rich illustrations, caused controversy with other physicians, study of anatomy fashionable
3 of 71
what was the change in hospitals after 1536?
you would get a good meal and medication, pest houses introduced, more likely to be welcomed, were acc treated, religious sponsors left
4 of 71
what was the renaissance period ?
a period of time from 1300-1600
5 of 71
what did people believe were the causes of the plague ?
1665!!!!, flea bites(science reason), miasma, unusual alignments of planets, god
6 of 71
what was the prevention of the plague ?
sniff rosemary, smoke tabacco, lock people away
7 of 71
what were the mistakes made when trying to cure the plague ?
killing cats and dogs as they werent responisble, the cold temperature killed off the plague
8 of 71
who was pasteur ?
He made heaps of important discoveries related to the immune system, vaccinations, chemistry and the how diseases were caused
9 of 71
what were the basic principles of the germ theory ?
air contains living microorganisms, microbes can be killed by heating them, microbes cause decay in air, microbes arent evenly distributed in air
10 of 71
what was pasteur know for doing ?
He invented vaccines for cholera, anthrax, small pox and rabies
11 of 71
who was koch ?
a physcian who developed pasteurs germ theory, Koch formulated four criteria in 1890 that must be achieved for establishing a cause of an infectious disease
12 of 71
how did the germ theory impact medicine ?
doctors now focused on cause of disease and matched symptoms with microbe, it lead to new treatments
13 of 71
define spontaneous generation
microbes caused disease solid link between microbes and disease
14 of 71
how did ideas of treatment change in the 18th century ?
treatment focused on removing germ, everyone now willing to prevent disease
15 of 71
who was florence nightingale ?
a well educated women who was also known as the lady by the lamp as in her hospital she would go to the soldiers if they wanted to in the night, she healed many by her cleanliness, he set up the first nursing school, made a drastic change in hospital
16 of 71
what is aseptic surgery ?
surgery where microbes are prevented from getting into the wound int he first place as opposed to being killed off with an antiseptic in the first place
17 of 71
what impact did joseph lister have ?
the surgeon who introduced new principles of cleanliness which transformed surgical practice in the late 1800s, he used carbollic acid to kill off microbes and stop flesh rotting, utensils now sterelised ans rubber gloves worn
18 of 71
what was chloroform and antiseptic ?
something used to knock out a patient to allow deeper surgeries, reduce pain and allow less people to die from shock. however chloroform had some bad sidde afects
19 of 71
define inoculation
deliberately infecting oneself with a disease in order to avoid a more severe case of it later on
20 of 71
why didnt inocualtion always work ?
because the dosage would be wrong
21 of 71
what was the difference between vaccinations and inoculations ?
vaccinations were more controlled (dosage)
22 of 71
who was jenner ?
the peron who found the first vaccine for smallpox. Jenner did this by inoculating James Phipps with cowpox, a virus similar to smallpox, to create immunity, unlike variolation, which used smallpox to create an immunity to itself.
23 of 71
what are the long term impacts of the cow pox vaccination ?
saved lives, made vaccination acceptable, it inspired other scienetists
24 of 71
what are the short term impacts of the cow pox vaccination ?
royal jennerian society was set up, it was slow to become popular in britain
25 of 71
what was cholera ?
spread quickly in britain in 1831, mainly affected poor, over 3 decades 3 breakouts
26 of 71
what did the victorians blame cholera on ?
dirty sheets, overcrowding, miasma, sewage on streets, the poor
27 of 71
define hereditary disease
A genetic disorder is a genetic problem caused by one or more abnormalities in the genome.
28 of 71
define dna
a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses
29 of 71
define genome
set of chromosomes in a gamete or microorganism, or in each cell of a multicellular organism.
30 of 71
define haemophilia
a medical condition in which the ability of the blood to clot is severely reduced, causing the sufferer to bleed severely from even a slight injury. The condition is typically caused by a hereditary lack of a coagulation factor,
31 of 71
define mastectomy
surgery where someone has one or two breast removed
32 of 71
how do we explain disease today ?
if you smoke, your diet, lifestyle
33 of 71
how did people belive disease was caused in medieval times ?
by a persons humours being unbalanced
34 of 71
what are some technologies needed for diagnoses?
ECGs, endoscopes, ultrasounds
35 of 71
what is a magic bullet ?
chemical cure and targets one specific microbe without harming anything else
36 of 71
how were magic bullets found ?
In 1909, Ehrlich's new colleague Sahachiro Hata (1873-1938) brought with him a method of producing syphilis infections in laboratory rabbits, and discovered that drug no. 606 worked. The first 'magic bullet' had been found, and was marketed under the
37 of 71
what did scientist develop after the first magic bullet?
medicines to pin point diseases, treatments for diabetes, identify tumours, microbes and unusual genes, better testing for new treatments
38 of 71
whats the NHS include?
treatment for anything, medication, free for everyone, set up by atlee, underfunded
39 of 71
what was health care like before the NHS ?
no medication, funded by community, only wealthy people had access to proper gps and healthcare
40 of 71
what was the NHS funded by in 1948 ?
national insurance, provided free dental and eyecare, waiting times increases and appointments decreased
41 of 71
what happened after the GP charter was bought in in 1966?
better healthcare
42 of 71
how did treatment change in the 20th century ?
reduction in infectious disease, new flu vaccince every winter, nhs-free, batter access to cures, hospitals all about healthcare
43 of 71
how did treatment stay the same in the 20th century ?
herbal remedies still used, pay for barber surgeons still, cared for in the home
44 of 71
what lead to the massive change in treatment in the 20th centrury ?
increased understanding of cause, increased understanding of methods of prevention, compulsory vaccinations introduced, laws to provide a healthy environment, lifestyle campaigns set up
45 of 71
what are signs of lung cancer ?
frequent illness, unexplained weight loss, pain in fingers, pain in torso(chest), coughing up blood
46 of 71
what are risk factors for lung cancer ?
smoking, exposure to gases, aspestos exposure, gas, oil
47 of 71
how is lung cancer diagnosed ?
by using an xray, ct or pet-ct scan, bronchoscopy, take sample cells
48 of 71
how is lung cancer treated ?
transplants, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, genetics (only for some cancers)
49 of 71
how can lung cancer be prevented ?
dont smoke and avoid second hand smoke, test home for radon, exercise, eat a healthy diet
50 of 71
how was penecillin found ?
founded by alexander flemming by accident in 1928, florey and chain receive flemming research and develop it, after treating mice and trying the treatment on an infected police officer, they realised that it works but didnt have enough to keep him
51 of 71
what dangers faced soldiers in the front line ?
shelling, grenades, gas and hand to hand combats
52 of 71
how long should you expect to be in the front line for ?
for up to a month under constant bombardment
53 of 71
how many people were treated for injuries ?
2.7 million
54 of 71
what were the problems faced by the medical services ?
run out of medicine, no staff, trauma for themselves, lack of supplies, not enough space for everyone, where to start with certain wounds
55 of 71
what are they key features of aseptic surgery ?
had to wash face and arms, rubber gloves worn, air was sterilised, sterelise medical equipment, to prevent infection and minimise recovery time this was done but you cant have a cean environment at the western front
56 of 71
what are they key features of x-rays ?
large machines, health risks not understood, burns occured, took long time and was fragile- could diagnose people wiht internal injuries, not that common though, couldn't do at front line
57 of 71
what are they key features of a blood tranfusion ?
blood was transferred straight from donor to patient, so people can get blood back after loosing it, not able to happen at front line as donor has to be there and blood types might not match and donors were limited anyway
58 of 71
what were trentches like ?
boring, scary dirty, surrounded by bodies, horrific, rats, britains trenches were bad compared to german trenches, expected to die, was a defensive war
59 of 71
what were the problems with the horse ambulance ?
slow, uncomfortable, bumpier than motor ambulance, tiredness, bad hygine
60 of 71
how did they transport wounded soldiers ?
by horse ambulance, motor ambulance, canal barrage
61 of 71
how were nurses recuited ?
by using propaganda photos
62 of 71
was does RAMC mean ?
royal army medial corps, the branch of the army responsible for medical care founded in 1898
63 of 71
what does FANY mean ?
first aid nursing yeomany, founded in 1907, womens organisation which sent volunteers to the western front eg, driving ambulances and giving emergency first aid
64 of 71
give information on chlorine gas
founded in 1915, led to death by suffication, put urine soaked clothes on face to prevent death
65 of 71
give information on phosgene gas
founded in 1915, fast acting, killed person in two days
66 of 71
give information on mustard gas
founded in 1917, caused internal and external blisters, death within 12 hours, burnt skin
67 of 71
what are symptoms of shellshock ?
headaches, nightmares, anxiety, depression
68 of 71
what are the symptoms of trench foot ?
swelling foot, gangrene, numbness prevent= change socks, amputate, rub oil into feet
69 of 71
what are the symptoms of trench fever ?
headaches, high temp, aching muscles, rash, prevention= druggs, insecticides
70 of 71
71 of 71

Other cards in this set

Card 2


how did william harvey impact anatomical knowledge ?


he inspired upcoming doctors, went against royal society mainly developed theory of blood flow, benefited from the printing press

Card 3


who was veralius ?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


what was the change in hospitals after 1536?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


what was the renaissance period ?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Fun resources:

See all Fun resources »See all Fun resources »