Halogenoalkanes

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What is a halogenoalkane?
Halogenoalkanes are alkanes with halogen atoms
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Describe one factor which influences the boiling points of halogenoalkanes
The strength of the intermolecular forces (the stronger they are the higher the boiling point).
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Describe the trend of the boiling points as you go down Group 7
The atom radius increases as you go down the group which mean the number of electron shells increases meaning you need more energy to overcome them.
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What homologous series can be used to create halogenoalkanes?
Alcohols
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What is a nucleophile?
Molecules with a pair of negative ions attracted to positive regions. Also have lone pairs such as O-H.
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What is a carbocation?
Ion with a positive carbon atom
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Why is the carbon-halogen bond polar?
The halogens are much more electronegative than carbon
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What decides the reactivity of a halgenoalkane?
The strength between the carbon-halogen bond. C-F is the strongest meaning any reaction involving this will take longer
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Card 2

Front

Describe one factor which influences the boiling points of halogenoalkanes

Back

The strength of the intermolecular forces (the stronger they are the higher the boiling point).

Card 3

Front

Describe the trend of the boiling points as you go down Group 7

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What homologous series can be used to create halogenoalkanes?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a nucleophile?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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