Global Patterns of Food Supply

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  • Created by: Becca96
  • Created on: 30-03-14 18:52
Which regions have the lowest food production levels? (2)
1) South America 2) Africa
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What are the main reasons for high food production levels? (2)
1) Good climates 2) Plenty of investment in agriculture
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Which regions have the highest food production levels? (3)
1) North America 2) Europe 3) East Asia
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What are the main reasons for low food production levels? (3)
1) Lack of funding and resources 2) Unsuitable land - poor soil, mountainous, desert etc. 3) Poor climate - too hot/cold, low rainfall etc.
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What is commercial farming?
Production with the aim of making a profit.
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What is subsistence farming and in which regions is it common?
Production to support the farmer's family. Common in Africa and Asia.
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What is intensive farming and what are its two subcategories?
Produces as much as is possible from the land. Labour intensive and capital intensive (machinery, fertiliser etc.)
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What is extensive farming and what are its two main advantages over intensive farming?
Low capital and labour for the land area. Better animal welfare and less environmentally damaging.
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What is arable farming?
Plants grown (for food, fuel, animal feed etc.)
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What is livestock farming?
Animals raised (for food or materials such as leather)
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Which regions have the highest food consumption levels? (2)
1) North America 2) Europe
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What are the main reasons for high food consumption levels? (3)
1) Ability to afford imports 2) High disposable income 3) Culture of consumerism
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Which regions have the lowest food consumption levels? (3)
1) South America 2) Africa 3) Parts of Asia
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What is the primary reason for low food consumption levels?
Low GDP per capita - can't afford as much food
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Which regions export a lot of food? (5)
1) North America 2) Europe 3) Argentina 4) Australia 5) Brazil
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Which regions import a lot of food? (3)
1) Africa 2) Japan 3) Middle East
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Where is Cargill based and how many countries does it operate in?
Based in the USA, operates in 66 countries.
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What does Cargill's production involve? (3)
1) Sells products such as seeds, machinery, fertiliser etc. to farmers 2) Buys crops from farmers it sells to 3) Produces some of its own food, e.g. palm oil in Papua New Guinea
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Name three of Cargill's processing plants.
1) Soya bean plant in Paraguay 2) Corn plant in China 3) Cocoa plant in Ivory Coast
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Where is Cargill's worldwide distribution run from? Name an example of a country wherein Cargill has its own production network. Name a country wherein Cargill hires local people to trade products.
1) Switzerland 2) Venezuela 3) Pakistan
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Name four advantages of TNCs.
1) Lots of food can be produced cheaply. 2) Greater range of products made available. 3) Provide jobs and improve economic security in countries of operation. 4) Invest in research and development of new products/technologies that increase yields.
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Name four disadvantages of TNCs.
1) If prices set too high, poor countries can't afford products. 2) Smaller companies go bankrupt - delocalises food supply, reduces self-sufficiency. 3) Use intensive farming - enviro. damaging. 4) Long process - reduces nutritional value.
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Card 2

Front

What are the main reasons for high food production levels? (2)

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1) Good climates 2) Plenty of investment in agriculture

Card 3

Front

Which regions have the highest food production levels? (3)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the main reasons for low food production levels? (3)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is commercial farming?

Back

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