Germany in Transition 1919-1947: Topic 1

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When did the Kaiser abdicate?
8th November 1918
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When did the provisional government agree to an armistice?
11th November 1918
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When was the Treaty of Versailles signed?
28th June 1919
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What was the Spartacist Uprising and when was it?
An attempted Communist revolution - January 1919
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When and where did the new constituency meet?
January 1919 in Weimar, South Germany
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What was the hierarchy of political power?
1) The President 2) The Chancellor 3) The Reichstag
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Who founded the German Worker's Party and when?
Anton Drexler, 1919
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How many members did the German Worker's Party have in 1920?
1100 members
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When did Hitler replace Drexler? What did he change?
1921 - He changed the party's name, developed the Swastika symbol and the raised-arm salute
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When was the Munich Putsch?
8th-9th November 1923
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Why was Hitler's trial advantageous to him?
It gave him national publicity in which he criticised the likes of the Treaty of Versailles
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Why did hyperinflation happen? When was it at its peak?
Passive resistance in the Ruhr due to a missed reparations payment and French and Belgian troops taking control of the coalfields. It peaked in 1923
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Why was the Wall Street Crash such a problem for Germany?
The economic recovery was heavily reliant on American loans, which were recalled in 1929 following the crash.
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When did Hitler write 'Mein Kampf'? What were his main ideas expressed in it?
1921 (whilst he was in prison) - Lebensraum, social darwinism, volksgemeinschaft, anti-communism, anti-Semitisim and abolishing the Treaty of Versailles
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When was the SS established? Who was their leader from 1929?
1925 - Himmler
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When was the Hitler Youth established?
1925
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When did Brüning become Chancellor?
March 1920
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When did von Papen become Chancellor?
May 1922
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When did von Schleicher become Chancellor? How long did he last?
December 1932 - less than 2 months
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Why did von Papen convince Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as Chancellor and himself as vice-Chancellor?
Because they thought they would be able to control Hitler as only 3 of the 11 Cabinet seats would be held by Nazis
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When was the Reichstag fire? Who was blamed for starting it?
27th February 1933 - Marinus van der Lubbe
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What was passed as a result of the Reichstag fire?
The Decree for the Protection of the People and the State
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When was the Law for the Restoration of the Civil Service passed? (EA)
7th April 1933
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When was the German Labour Front introduced, replacing trade unions? (EA)
2nd May 1933
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When was the Law against the Formation of Parties passed? (EA)
14th July 1933
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When was the Reich Press Law passed? (EA)
October 1933
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When was the Law for the Restoration of the Reich passed?
30th January 1934
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When was the Night of the Long Knives?
30th June 1934
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When did Hindenburg die?
2nd August 1934
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Card 2

Front

When did the provisional government agree to an armistice?

Back

11th November 1918

Card 3

Front

When was the Treaty of Versailles signed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the Spartacist Uprising and when was it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When and where did the new constituency meet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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