Geography-population change

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explain the demographic transition model
s1:BR+DR high.S2:DR starts to fall but BR stays high.S3:BR starts to fall+DR continues to fall slowly.S4:BR+DR are low.S5:both low but DR is higher then BR. russia is now in this stage.
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describe the population changes in the demographic transition model
s1:P fluctuates but stays relatively same.S2:very rapid p increase.s3:p increases but less rapidly.s4:slowly increases.s5:p slowly decreases.
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name three factors which are reasons for the distribution of the global population
climate,soil,history of settlement resources
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explain the factor of climate for the distribution of the global population
SPA:hot or cold climates such as Sahara Desert or SIberia. DPA-temperature climates where population can grow crops like the UK.
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explain the factor of soil for the distribution of the global population
SPA:infertile soils where crops can't grow in Himalayas. DPA:fertile soils where crops grown like river valleys, the Ganges Valley
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explain the factor of resources for the distribution of the global population
SPA:few resources for industry e.g. the Sahel. DPA:many resources for industry like coal, e.g. in France.
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define the population distribution
how people are spread across an area
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define the term 'sparsely populated'
few people live in an area
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define the term 'densely populated'
many people live in an area
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explain the reasons for the changes to birth rates
social;bc average age for marriage risen BR lower bc less time to have children.Political;china and singapore-policies.economic;children cost a lot of money to feed etc-fewer children born bc prefer to provide for 1or2.medical;better access to healt
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explain the reasons for the changes to death rates
economic;areas with high levels of poverty-high DR's.Political;gov in lICS's invested in money to give popula with clean drinking water etc-to lower death rate.Social;now healthy living conditions with sewage systems etc-lower dr's.Medical:dr falli
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describe the factors that have influenced population distribution in China
E of country;DP.-ppl live on the fertile floodplains of rivers like the Yangtze.E of china Dp-ppl live coastal areas bc good trade links(HF).W of c-SP.-too wet+cold to grow crops on Atai mountains.w of c-SP.-gobi desert-too dry to grow crops.
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describe how p and h conditions have influenced the density and distribution of the population in the UK-densely populated
DP:-south wales bc range resources available when settlementds grew(h).-along s coast(brighton) bc retired ppl move there bc of warmer climate(p).-aberdeen bc oil industry in north sea.-high population desity here.(h)
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describe how p and h conditions have influenced the density and distribution of the population in the UK-sparsely populated
in Highlands of scotland-in this mountainous area it is too wet and cold to grow crops. (p)
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Why did China need to reduce its birth rate?
in 70's-1/4 go worlds pop lived in china with 66% of pop being under 30yrs-mean future pop would increase even when these ppl had childrenThere were limited resources to provide for its large population.
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what has been done to decrease chinas birth rate?
Government brought policy-promote economic growth+improvr living conditions for pop.Policy called:one-child policy(couples only allowed one child).Given:one-child certificate-entitled them to benefits which would improve their standard of living.
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describe the incentives of the one child policy
cash bonuses,free education, free medical care,preferential treatment over housing.
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describe the disincentives of the one child policy
couples who work for government sacked if more than one child.If had 2 children-lost all privileges.Ppl monitored by 'granny police'.Couples had to ask permission to have a child.
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Why did Singapore need to increase its birth rate?
in 1980's government of singapore realised singapores low birth rate would mean they would not have enough workers.
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what has been done to increase Singapore's birth rate?
in 80's- introduced 'three or more policy' to encourage ppl to have more children.
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name the incentives of the three or more policy
parents get 3000 dollars from government for each of first two children and 6000 for each of next 2 children. Fathers-3 days of paternity leave on birth of first 4 children. Mothers-allowed 3 months of maternity leave.
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name the disincentives of the three or more policy
couples with 1 or no children only allowed to buy a 3 room flat.Not allowed to choose school for children-education may suffer.Dont get financial packages offered by government.
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what is a census?
count of number of people in country.Gives statistics about a number of population characteristics for all households in country like age gender,ethnic group,religious+occupational structure.local council will look at results of census in area to
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diagrams of population pyramids
do this!!!!!! page 105
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Explain the consequences of a youthful population
P:pensions provision-less demand for pensions bc of young.large workforce.children to look after parents in future so less care needed for elderly in future.N:Health services-greater demand for midwives+hospital care for babies+mothers.Greater deman
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explain the consequences of a ageing population
P:elderly work without pay to charity shops.More holidays for retired.More jobs in leisure industry.N:greater need for care homes+specialist nursing for the elderly.less money for education bc of demand for elderly services.more houses needed bc prop
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describe the advantages of an ageing population in Japan
the greying yen:retired ppl-spending money on luxury goods like holidays.Lead to greater employment+growth in economy.Technology-pensioners living alone lead to number of gadgets invented-online kettle which sends emails 2 up to 3 ppl when turned on.
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describe the disadvantages of an ageing population in Japan
Pensions:age for retirement rise from 60 to 65 by 2030.Health care:more people living in nursing homes.hurry up and die scheme introduced.-after patent has been in hospital for 100 days,the fee the hospital receives from the government goes down. it
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Card 2

Front

describe the population changes in the demographic transition model

Back

s1:P fluctuates but stays relatively same.S2:very rapid p increase.s3:p increases but less rapidly.s4:slowly increases.s5:p slowly decreases.

Card 3

Front

name three factors which are reasons for the distribution of the global population

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

explain the factor of climate for the distribution of the global population

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

explain the factor of soil for the distribution of the global population

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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