Geography - Managing Urban Change Flashcards Part 2

HideShow resource information
What are the case studies for the environmental issues associated with urban change?
London - MEDC - and Mumbai - LEDC
1 of 23
How is the environmental issue of water supply dealt with in London?
All dwellings have safe piped water, major management issue is in reaching the level of demand which has been rising by 1.7% per annum. London located in driest part of country but per capita consumption of water continues to rise. Hosepipe ban
2 of 23
How is the environmental issue of water supply being dealt with in Mumbai?
Nearby lakes collect rainwater that falls on Western Ghats. Present supply outstripped by rapid urban growth. 60% of 18 million inhabitants live in slums, many without safe, piped water.
3 of 23
How is the environmental issue of waste management being dealt with in London?
Most properties linked to piped sewage systems, remainder have septic tanks. Main management problem is how to dispose of the increasing amounts of domestic refuse, mainly related to rising consumption of packaged food and drink. Campaigns to recycle
4 of 23
How is the environmental issue of waste management dealt with in Mumbai?
More than 5000 tons of solid waste generated each day, municipal corporation in change of disposal and cannot cope with this task with much waste left by the roadside to rot. Risk to health.
5 of 23
How is the environmental issue of atmospheric pollution dealt with in London?
Levels have been significantly reduced by a series of Clean Air Acts, de-industrialisation and tougher controls on motor vehicle emissions. Incidence of respiratory diseases much reduced during second half of twentieth century but need to lower
6 of 23
What percentage of the WHO recommended maximum level is London's level of nitrogen dioxide?
154% of maximum level (77 mg m3 compared to 50)
7 of 23
What percentage of the WHO recommended maximum level is Mumbai's suspended particles?
266% (240 mg m3 compared to 90)
8 of 23
How is the environmental issue of atmospheric pollution being dealt with in Mumbai?
Very high incidence of chronic respiratory problems, arising from extreme air pollution. Causes of pollution are mainly industries, garage burning and insufficient vehicle control
9 of 23
How is the environmental issue of traffic and transport being dealt with in London?
Congestion charging has helped to ease traffic congestion in Central London. Main management issue is persuading people to use public transport.
10 of 23
How is the environmental issue of traffic and transport being dealt with in Bangladesh?
90% of commuters use public transport as it is cheap and reliable with car ownership low, distances to work can be vast. Roads are still heavily congested with 591 vehicles per km and over 60,000 road accident deaths a year
11 of 23
How is the environmental issue of brownfield sites being dealt with in London?
Extensive use of brownfield sites in inner city ring, flagship schemes such as Canary Wharf provided reimaging. Management problems include dealing with contamination risk and reconsidering whether gardens are brownfield
12 of 23
How is the environmental issue of brownfield sites being dealt with in Mumbai?
Plenty of derelict land, redundant docklands and sites of former cotton mills but little investment. Some of the land is occupied by squatter settlements
13 of 23
How is the environmental issue of floodplains dealt with in London?
Much of London built on the Thames floodplain; Thames Barrage offering protection but Thames Gateway proposal will involve building on the floodplain and the 2012 Olympics site in east London is mainly floodplain
14 of 23
How is the environmental issue of floodplains dealt with in Mumbai?
Very little of urban area built on flood plains - issue is the coast and clearance of mangroves which have acted as natural barriers to the sea
15 of 23
What is the case study for traffic congestion in detail to go with the details of Mumbai?
London
16 of 23
How must drivers in the London congestion area pay
Online/by telephone etc within 24 hours - number plates photographed
17 of 23
How much did traffic levels fall by on the first day of the London congestion area scheme?
25%
18 of 23
What percentage of former drivers in London have switched to public transport?
50-60%
19 of 23
How much have bus journey times been reduced by by the London congestion charge?
An average of 37 minutes
20 of 23
What is a negative of the London congestion charge?
Business in many shops has fell by an average of 7%
21 of 23
How many people daily pay the London congestion charge of £8?
110,000 motorists
22 of 23
Who loses due to the London congestion charge?
Those who are on low wages in Central London especially, city centre businesses and those who live in border areas
23 of 23

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How is the environmental issue of water supply dealt with in London?

Back

All dwellings have safe piped water, major management issue is in reaching the level of demand which has been rising by 1.7% per annum. London located in driest part of country but per capita consumption of water continues to rise. Hosepipe ban

Card 3

Front

How is the environmental issue of water supply being dealt with in Mumbai?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How is the environmental issue of waste management being dealt with in London?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How is the environmental issue of waste management dealt with in Mumbai?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

Mr A Gibson

A good level of detail in these flash cards. get someone to test you and once you know them you will have two contrasting case studies under your belt.

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Rural and urban challenges and regeneration resources »