GEOGRAPHY

  • Created by: Liberty
  • Created on: 15-01-13 11:59
Development Theory
Devised by Rostow. The theory is specific about the poverty trap arguing that colonialism alone is responsible for its persistence. Colonialists exploited their colonies for raw materials and kept them poor by preventing investment in manufacturing.
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Dependency Theory
Devised by Andre Frank. Argues that not all countries have developed because the developed countries (superpowers and emerging powers) maintain the developing world in a state of underdevelopment by draining it of human capital and resources.
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Take-off Theory (Modernisation Theory)
Devised by Rostow. Often used to illustrate how countries move from relative underdevelopment to a state of high mass consumption. Traditional society - Preconditions for take-off - Take-oof - Drive to maturity - Age of high mass consumption.
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World Systems Theory
Devised by Wallerstein. Suggests economic growth passes through phases based on key new technologies. These technologies bring growth to a particular region. E.g. the industrial revolution of cotton and steam engines brought growth to the UK.
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Heartland Theory
Devised by Mackinder (a British geographer). Believed whoever controlled Europe and Asia (biggest landmass) would control the world. Created a heartland extending from Eastern Europe into Russia. The further away from the heartland a country is, the
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Heartland Theory Continued
less influence it has. Believed Russia ought to be the world's global power because its location and resources gave it natural advantages. 3 disadvantages stopping Russia from becoming too powerful : 1. Few all year ports (much of coast is frozen
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Heartland Theory continued
over winter, 2. It has many borders (14) meaning it can be attacked from many directions, 3. It has a weak government.
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Modernism
Modernists believed Europe was the continent most naturally able to give the rest of the world a lead. They believed the British were naturally intelligent. They believed the British had a natural capacity for ruling over others.
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Card 2

Front

Devised by Andre Frank. Argues that not all countries have developed because the developed countries (superpowers and emerging powers) maintain the developing world in a state of underdevelopment by draining it of human capital and resources.

Back

Dependency Theory

Card 3

Front

Devised by Rostow. Often used to illustrate how countries move from relative underdevelopment to a state of high mass consumption. Traditional society - Preconditions for take-off - Take-oof - Drive to maturity - Age of high mass consumption.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Devised by Wallerstein. Suggests economic growth passes through phases based on key new technologies. These technologies bring growth to a particular region. E.g. the industrial revolution of cotton and steam engines brought growth to the UK.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Devised by Mackinder (a British geographer). Believed whoever controlled Europe and Asia (biggest landmass) would control the world. Created a heartland extending from Eastern Europe into Russia. The further away from the heartland a country is, the

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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