Geography Keywords

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Geography Key Words
Cara Kennedy
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Evaporation
The change from liquid to gas
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Condensation
The change from gas to liquid
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Surface Water
Water that travels over the surafce of the ground
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Ground Water
Rainwater that has soaked into and flows through the ground
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Ox-Bow Lake
A lake formed when a river loop is cut off
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Source
The starting point of a river
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Meander
A bend in a river
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Watershed
An imaginary line between two river basins
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Tributaries
Smaller rivers flowing into a larger river
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Precipitation
Water falling from the sky (rain, sleet, snow, hail)
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Development Indicator
Data that helps us work out how developed a country is
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Standard of Living
A measure of how well off financially a person is
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Quality of Life
A measure of how happy people are with their lives and environment
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Literacy Rates
The percentage of people over the age of 15 who can read and write
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Infant Mortality Rates
The number of babies per 1000 who die before their first birthday
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Gross National Product (GNP)
How much a country is worth
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Primary Activities
Jobs involving the collecting and using of natural resources
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Secondary Activities
When natural resources are turned into something useful (otherwise known as manufacturing)
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Trade
The movement and sale of goods between countries
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Sustainable Aid
Helping countries so that they can then provide for themselves
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Caves
Formed from a crack, eroded further by hydraulic action
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Arches
Formed by erosion after a cave breaks through a headland
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Stacks
After an arch has collapsed, a column of rock will be left behind
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Longshore Drift
The transport of sand along a beach
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Groynes
A wooden fence on a beach which slows down Longshore Drift
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Hard Engineering
Often large, concrete constructions designed to protect the coastline from erosion
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Soft Engineering
Forms of coastal protection that have a much more natural construction and less impact on the environment
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Glaciers
Large compacted areas of snow and ice that shape many mountainous areas
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Corries
A hollow on a mountainside that is the birthplace of glaciers
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Pyramidal Peak
The tip of a mountain that is formed between three or more corries
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The change from liquid to gas

Back

Evaporation

Card 3

Front

The change from gas to liquid

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Water that travels over the surafce of the ground

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Rainwater that has soaked into and flows through the ground

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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