Genetic Engineering

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Genetic engineering
To move useful genes from one organism's chromosomes into the cells of another
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Restriction enzymes
Recognises specific sequences of DNA and cut the DNA out at these points
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Ligase enzymes
Used to join two pieces of DNA together
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Recombinant DNA
Two different bits of DNA stuck together
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Vector
Something that is used to transfer DNA into a cell. There are two types - plasmids and viruses
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Plasmids
Small, circular molecules of DNA that can be transferred between bacteria
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Viruses
Viruses insert DNA into the organisms they infect
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Transgenic
Organisms that are transgenic (e.g. bacteria) contain genes transferred from another species
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Recognises specific sequences of DNA and cut the DNA out at these points

Back

Restriction enzymes

Card 3

Front

Used to join two pieces of DNA together

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Two different bits of DNA stuck together

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Something that is used to transfer DNA into a cell. There are two types - plasmids and viruses

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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