Gender and Crime

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 27-04-15 20:36
What percentage of women have a criminal record by the age of 40 compared to men?
Women - 9% men - 32%
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What do official stats show about gender differences in types of crimes?
A higher proportion of female than male offenders are convicted of property offences (except burglary). A higher proportion of males are convicted of violent/sexual offences
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What are males more likely to be?
Repeat offenders, have longer criminal careers and commit more serious crimes
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Why do some sociologists argue official statistics are unreliable when comparing gender differences in crime?
1) Typically female crimes e.g. shoplifting are less likely to be reported as it is less likely to be noticed. 2)Even when women's crimes are detected that are less likely to be prosecuted
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What is the Chivalry Thesis?
It argues that most criminal justice agents - police officers, magistrates and judges - are men. and men are socialised to act in a 'chivalrous' way towards women.
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What sociologists research supports the chivalry thesis?
Campbell - States that female offenders are more likely to escape conviction than males
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What statistic does official stats show which supports the Chivalry thesis?
there are 8.95 convictions for every one female
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Evidence against thesis - What did Farrington and Morris's study show?
There study of the sentencing of 408 offences of theft in a magistrates' court found that women were not sentenced more leniently than men
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What are some other reasons for why women may not receive the same sentences/treatment as men?
women are more likely to show remorse which may help to explain why they are more likely to receive a caution instead of going to court
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What does HEIDENSOHN argue about courts and gender bias?
That the criminal justice system is biased against women, she says the courts treat females more harshly than males when they deviate from gender norms
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What did CARLEN argue about how courts make judgments about women?
When women are jailed, it is less for the seriousness of their crimes and more according to the court's assessment of them as wives, mothers and daughters.
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Card 2

Front

What do official stats show about gender differences in types of crimes?

Back

A higher proportion of female than male offenders are convicted of property offences (except burglary). A higher proportion of males are convicted of violent/sexual offences

Card 3

Front

What are males more likely to be?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why do some sociologists argue official statistics are unreliable when comparing gender differences in crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the Chivalry Thesis?

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