Frontsheet 3 - Germany

What date was the Wall Street Crash?
29th October 1929
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What % did Germany's export trade fall by from 1929-1932?
61%
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How many German workers were registered as unemployed by 1932?
1/3
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Why does 1/3 not represent the true number of unemployed in Germany in 1932?
Many redundant workers did not register
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What did unemployment rise to from Sept 1928 to Jan 1933?
1 million to 6 million
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Name 2 diseases linked to poor nutrition and living conditions.
Tuberculosis and rickets
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What was the unemployment rate among males in the 14-25 age group in Hamburg in June 1933?
39%
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Why did the Hitler Youth appeal to people in this period?
It offered opportunities for unemployed young men and boys
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What dates were the two waves of strikes for higher wages?
Oct 1930 and June 1932
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Which law was passed in May 1932 about married women?
Law which allowed for married women civil servants to be dismissed
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What event split the Grand Coalition?
Wall Street Crash - led to unemployment and falling tax revenues
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When did Muller resign?
March 1930
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Who was Muller replaced with?
Bruning - head of the Centre Party
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Which party did Bruning's coalition exclude?
The SPD
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How many laws were passed by decree in 1932?
66
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How many seats did the communists gain in the Sept 1930 election?
77
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How many votes did the Nazis gain in the Sept 1930 election?
Almost 6.5 million
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How many voters voted for anti-democratic parties in the Sept 1930 election?
2/5
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What decree did Hindenburg issue in December 1931 responding to SA violence?
Decree banning the wearing of political uniforms
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When did Hindenburg ban the SA?
April 1932
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What % of the vote did Hitler win in the 1932 election?
36.8%
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Describe 'The power of the will'.
Hitler presented himself and the Nazis as being a force for change in Germany. Propaganda claimed that Hitler personified power, strength and determination.
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Describe 'Struggle and war'.
Hitler claimed that struggle and conflict between races was part of the natural order of things. He believed war would reconstruct German society. Propaganda glorified military virtues.
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Describe 'Volksgemeinschaft'.
Only Aryans could be citizens of the state. There were no social classes for Germans and they were all equal. Based on 'blood and soil.'
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Describe 'National socialism.'
Attempted to gain working-class voters and also sought the support of wealthy businessmen. The Nazi's 25 point programme was economically radical.
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Describe 'Fuhrerprinzip.'
Weimar needed to be replaced by a dictatorship and one-party state. Run on the basis that Hitler has supreme control.
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Describe 'Anti-semitism.'
Hitler saw Jews as responsible for all of Germany's problems. Propaganda represented them negatively.
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Why was Hitler himself a large part of the appeal of the Nazis?
He possessed great charisma - the people wanted a strong leader. His speeches often went on for hours. He played on people's fears. He had great political skills.
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Why was 'aggressive nationalism' a large part of the appeal of the Nazis?
Hitler wanted to reverse TOV. Hitler wanted to establish a 'greater German Reich.' Hitler wanted to secure 'Lebensraum' for Germany.
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What does 'Juda Verrecke' stand for?
'Down with the Jews'
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Who was Reich Propaganda Chief from 1928?
Joseph Goebbles
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Name 3 types of Nazi propaganda.
Posters, leaflets, marches, rallies, newspapers, films
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How many votes did KPD gain between 1928 and July 1932?
2 million
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What did the KPD's membership increase to in 1932?
360,000
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Name 3 things that appealed about the Communists.
Their slogan was 'bread and freedom'. Much of their propaganda attacked the SPD. Explicit appeals to the unemployed. Thalmann's speeches.
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Name a weakness of the Communists.
Always short of money.
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When did German unemployment exceed 6 million?
Feb 1932
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When did Papen lift the ban on the SA?
June 1932
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When was Bruning replaced with von Papen?
May 1932
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What is the nickname for Papen's cabinet?
'Cabinet of barons'
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Why did Papen rule mostly by decree?
He had little support in the Reichstag
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What % of the vote did Nazi's win in the July 1932 election?
37.3%
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What was the ratio of the vote of no confidence in Papen's government in September 1932?
512 to 42
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What % of the vote did the Nazi's win in the November 1932 election?
33.1%
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Name 2 people in Hindenburg's inner circle.
von Papen, Schleicher, Oskar von Hindenburg, Otto Meissner
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What was 'backstairs intrigue'?
Hindenburg had a small inner circle of advisors to help with his decisions. His inner circle convinced him to make Hitler Chancellor as they thought they could control/tame him.
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What date was Hitler made Chancellor?
30th January 1933
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Who were the other Nazi's in the cabinet and what were their roles?
Wilhelm Frick - Minister of the Interior. Hermann Goering - Minister of the Interior of Prussia.
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Who else was in Hitler's cabinet?
von Papen, General Blomberg, von Neurath
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What did the SA membership increase to from 1933-1934?
500,000 to 3 million
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What was the first concentration camp to be set up?
Dachau
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When was the Reichstag Fire?
27th February 1933
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Who was blamed for the Reichstag Fire?
van der Lubbe - Communist
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What decree was issued the day after the Reichstag Fire and what did it do?
Decree for the Protection of the People and the State. The police were given increased powers to detain without charge and to enter and search private premises. The government was given powers to censor publications.
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What % of the vote did the Nazis get in the March 1933 election?
43.9%
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How much majority did Hitler need to pass the Enabling Act?
2/3
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Name 3 ways Hitler ensured the Enabling Act would be passed.
26 SPD and 81 KPD members had been refused entry. SA men lined the walls. Hitler promised the Centre Party that he would not use his powers without first consulting Hindenburg.
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What date was the Enabling Act passed?
24th March 1933
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What % did Germany's export trade fall by from 1929-1932?

Back

61%

Card 3

Front

How many German workers were registered as unemployed by 1932?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why does 1/3 not represent the true number of unemployed in Germany in 1932?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did unemployment rise to from Sept 1928 to Jan 1933?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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where is frontsheet germany 4?

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