Flooding in an LEDC - Bangladesh 2007

Background information, causes, effects and managment of flooding in Bangladesh july/august 2007

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Background - where is Bangladesh Located?
At the foot of the Himalayas, between Burma and India
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What is Bangladesh's Population?
in 2011 it was 150.5 million
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Background - What are the three rivers which flow into bangladesh called?
The Ganges, Brahmaputra and meghna
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Background - when did the flooding occur?
throughout july and August 2007
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Background - when is the monsoon season in Bangladesh?
between the months of June and october, it brings 90% of bangladesh's annual rainfall
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Background - what percentage of land is less than one meter above sea level?
70%
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Causes - How many millimetres of rain fell?
900mm of rain fell in North west bangladesh
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Causes - what created coastal flooding?
Tropical storms
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Causes - what are some of the issues from the himalayas?
Deforestation in nepal and the himalayas reduces interception from trees, snowmelt, and precipitation running down the mountains into the low flat land with nowhere to drain away.
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Causes - what is occurring in developing bangladesh which is worsening the effects of flooding?
Urbanisation on floodplains increases the amounto of impermeable land decreasing the ability of water to soak into the land.
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Causes - what have dams in India done?
Increased the amount of sediment in Bangladeshi rivers
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Causes - what happened with the giant levee built around dhaka (bangladesh's capital city)
water overflowed into the city and then there was no way for it to drain out.
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Causes - how has global warming effected flooding in Bangladesh?
rising temperatures have increased snow melt in the himalayas and of icebergs in the arctic causing a rise in sea level
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Primary effects - how many deaths where there?
over 2000 deaths
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Primary effects - how many people where made homeless?
Around 25 million made homeless
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Primary effects - how many houses where destroyed?
112,000
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Primary effects - how many schools where destroyed?
44 schools where destroyed
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Economic effects - how many factories where destroyed?
3000 factories where destroyed, which meant more unemployment for the people of bangladesh, and reduced tax revenue for the government.
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Economic effects - how many km of road was damaged?
10,000km of road was damaged which effected transportation of workers, goods, and supplies to businesses.
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Economic effects - what did reduced tax revenue for the government mean?
less tax revenue meant there was less money to help the sufferers of the flood. plans to build 5000 new health centres had to be postponed so people experienced a lower quality of life than they could have expected for the next 3 years.
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Economic effects - what percentage of rice crop was destroyed?
50% of rice crop was destroyed, which meant many suffered greater effects of poverty that year as they had little to sell for money and not enough to feed themselves and so many starved to death.
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Economic effects - what did reduced rice yield mean for the prices of many products in Bangladesh?
prices rose by 10% making life even more difficult.
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Secondary effects - what are some of the water born diseases which effected Bangladesh?
typhoid, cholera, and dysentery.
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Secondary effects - how many people caught these water borne diseases?
around 10,000 people caught water borne diseases because of poor sanitation and lack of clean water, increasing the death toll
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Short term management - what where some of the short term management strategies?
Rescue boats, food for livestock, food, water tablets and medical assistance.
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Short term management - how much aid money was donated to Bangladesh?
US$1.4 billion was donated to bangladesh as aid
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Long term management - how many flood monitoring station are there now in Bangladesh?
85 flood monitoring stations have been built in Bangladesh
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Long term management - how many km of manmade levees have been built?
6000km of manmade levees have been built
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Long term management - how has the flood action plan been improved?
people can now evacuate to huge concrete shelters which have been built on stilts
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Long term management - what have nepal and the settlers in the himalayas agreed to do?
reduce deforestation
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Long term management - how many dams are now in Bangladesh?
there are now seven dams in Bangladesh which cost US$40 million, and took over 40 years to finish building
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REMEMBER:
P.F.E.D > point, fact, explanation development. Use key terms such as: because, this means, which means, so, consequently, therefor, in addition, creating, ensuring etc.
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Card 2

Front

What is Bangladesh's Population?

Back

in 2011 it was 150.5 million

Card 3

Front

Background - What are the three rivers which flow into bangladesh called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Background - when did the flooding occur?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Background - when is the monsoon season in Bangladesh?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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