Features of a cell

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Cell Surface Membrane
Controls movement of substances in and out of cell. Separates cell from surroundings. Allows cell identification.
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Microvilli
Increases surface area of Cell Surface Membrane for absorption.
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Nucleus
DNA holds genetic information necessary for controlling cell. Nucleolus synthesizes lysosomes.
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Mitochondrion
Produces ATP from aerobic respiration. ATP used by cell for active processes e.g. protein synthesis, active transport, muscle contraption (if a muscle cell).
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Rough Endoplasmic Rectilium
Synthesis and transport of proteins through cytoplasm
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Smooth Endoplasmic Rectilium
Synthesis of lipids.
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Ribosomes
Protein synthesis- ribosomes assemble protein molecules for amino acids.
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Golgi Apparatus/Body
Packages and processes molecules such as proteins that are made in the cell. Forms Lysosomes.
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Lysosomes
Lysosomes are a type of vesicle. Digest unwanted material in the cell.
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Cell Wall
Made of Cellulose in eukaryotes and peptidoglycan in prokaryotes. Prevents osmotic lysis. Makes the cell rigid and strong.
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Capsule
Only present in some prokaryotes. Slime layer. Protects cell from desiccation and some pathogens.
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Cytoplasm
Site of many metabolic reactions
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Plasmids
Can pass on genetic information via conjugation to other species
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Flagellum
Thin rotating fibre, controls movement of cell.
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Envelope
Double membrane.
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Vesicle
Membrane-bound sac containing proteins and fluids.
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Vacuole
Filled with cell sap to keep cell turgid. Only present in plant cells.
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Chloroplast
Contains chlorophyll for photosynthesis.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Increases surface area of Cell Surface Membrane for absorption.

Back

Microvilli

Card 3

Front

DNA holds genetic information necessary for controlling cell. Nucleolus synthesizes lysosomes.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Produces ATP from aerobic respiration. ATP used by cell for active processes e.g. protein synthesis, active transport, muscle contraption (if a muscle cell).

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Synthesis and transport of proteins through cytoplasm

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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