Failure to form attachments

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What key study investigated failure to form attachments?
Hoges and Tizzard
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What did they do?
Followed a group off 65 British children, placed in institution from less than 4 months old, from early life to adolescence (at 4 months have not yet formed attachments) caretakert were explicitly not allowed to form attachments with the children
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What did they find?
70% described as not able to care deeply about anyone early on (conclude most has early emotional privation) interviews up to 16yr showed - restored children = less likely to form attachment to mothers/ readopted = more likely
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What did ex-institutional children have issues with?
Peers - less likely to form a special friend or be liked by other children and more likely to be bullies. Also attantion seeking a sign of DIS-INHIBITED attachment.
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What do these findings suggest?
Early privation has adverse affects on children's later relationships even when given good subsequent emotional care (supports Bowlbey's view - failure to form attachment during sensitive period = irreversible effects)
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What is attachment disorder?
A psychiatric condition where the disruption/privation of attachment has psychological and emotional effects on a child, they have no attachment figure and thus an inibility to interact with others
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What are the two kinds of Attachment Disorder?
Reactive/inhibited = shy and withdrawn so cannot cope with most social situations and disinhibited attachment = over friendly and attention seeking
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What did Rutter et al study?
Group of 100 Romanian orphans who were adopted by British families. Found those adopted before 6 months = normal emotional development. Those after showed disinhibited attachment
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What studies support poor parenting?
Harlows monkeys showed that they became bad mothers. Quinton et al studied 100 women 50 raised at home 50 in care. Ex-institutional showed a lack of care to children, these spent more time in day care
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Followed a group off 65 British children, placed in institution from less than 4 months old, from early life to adolescence (at 4 months have not yet formed attachments) caretakert were explicitly not allowed to form attachments with the children

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