F324 Definitions

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  • Created by: sophiec10
  • Created on: 25-02-14 17:17
Electrophile
Electron Pair Acceptor
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Substitution
A reaction in which one atom or group is replaced by another atom or group
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Nucleophile
Lone Pair Donor
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Addition
A reaction in which two molecules join to form one molecule
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Hydrolysis
Reaction with water to split up a molecule
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Triglyceride
A tri-ester of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
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Zwitterion
An ion, typically found in amino acids, that has both a negative and positive charge
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Stereoisomers
Same structural formula, different 3-dimensional arrangement
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Chiral Centre
A carbon atom bonded to four different atoms or groups
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Optical Isomers
Non-super imposable mirror images about an organic chiral centre
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Optical Activity
Ability of Chiral Molecules to rotate plane-polarised light
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Condensation Polymerisation
Reaction between two different types of molecule to give a polymer accompanied by the loss of a small molecule such as water
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Retention Time
The characteristic time it takes for a particular substance to pass through the system under set conditions
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Rf Value
Distance traveled by solute/distance traveled by solvent
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A reaction in which one atom or group is replaced by another atom or group

Back

Substitution

Card 3

Front

Lone Pair Donor

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A reaction in which two molecules join to form one molecule

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Reaction with water to split up a molecule

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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