Exploring culture and socialisation

Key words and definitions

HideShow resource information
Culture
The way of life of a social group including its norms, customs and meanings.
1 of 25
High culture
The customs and norms of the elite groups in society. In Britain this may include opera and ballet.
2 of 25
Popular culture
The customs and norms of the majority of people in a society. In Britain this may watching TV and pop music.
3 of 25
Global culture
The customs, norms and values shared across national boundaries. This is result of globalisation and is often thought to be dominated by American culture.
4 of 25
Consumer culture
A way of life based on buying goods. Your purchases determine your identity.
5 of 25
Subculture
A culture within a larger culture that possesses some of its own norms and values but shares others with the wider society. Examples might be British Muslims or goths.
6 of 25
Socialisation
The process of learning the culture of a social group.
7 of 25
Primary socialisation
The learning of key basic values and norms that takes place in the early part of a child's life - this would include language for example.
8 of 25
Secondary socialisation
The learning of norms and values that continues throughout our lives. May involve peers, the media and work.
9 of 25
Identity
Our idea of who we are - the groups we feel a part of and the groups we don't feel a part of.
10 of 25
Agents of socialisation
The social institutions that influence us - the family, media, education, peer group, religion and work.
11 of 25
Norms
Accepted ways of behaving in particular situations. For example, pupils to do their homework
12 of 25
Values
The principles that guide our actions eg the importance of human life.
13 of 25
Roles
The parts we play in social life - son, daughter, student, teacher and so on.
14 of 25
Role conflict
Situation where conforming to one set of norms conflicts with another. For example, a friend asks you a question in a lesson - if you respond you are disobeying the norms of the classroom; if you don't you are disobeying the norms of friendship.
15 of 25
Status
A particular position in society and the amount of respect attached to it.
16 of 25
Achieved status
Status that is earned or chosen eg being an A level student.
17 of 25
Ascribed status
Status that is fixed - eg gender, son, daughter.
18 of 25
Social control
The way societies manipulate and direct the behaviour of their members.
19 of 25
Formal social control
Situation where people's behaviour is directed by organisations who have that specific role eg the police.
20 of 25
Informal social control
Situation where people's behaviour is directed as a part of the socialisation process eg by parents.
21 of 25
Rewards
Motivating someone by giving them something they desire eg parent smiling at baby.
22 of 25
Sanctions
Motivating someone by punishment eg a teacher giving a detention.
23 of 25
Status symbol
An item that is used to enhance the way others view a person - so they give them more respect.
24 of 25
Deviance
Breaking norms and values.
25 of 25

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The customs and norms of the elite groups in society. In Britain this may include opera and ballet.

Back

High culture

Card 3

Front

The customs and norms of the majority of people in a society. In Britain this may watching TV and pop music.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The customs, norms and values shared across national boundaries. This is result of globalisation and is often thought to be dominated by American culture.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A way of life based on buying goods. Your purchases determine your identity.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Culture and Socialisation resources »