Functionalism mind map

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  • Created by: hansmeths
  • Created on: 06-10-16 10:55
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  • Functionalism
    • Functionalists focus on the jobs that the family performs in society.
    • collective conscience - everyone shares the same beliefs
    • Social solidarity - share the same norms and values, feel like a community or single body with the same goals
    • Emile Durheim is the founding father of functionalism, believing that individuals were socialised into society's norms and values-Collective conscience
      • used organic analogy - describing society, functioning set of interrelating organs
      • Anomie - when individuals weren't integrated effectively into society
    • Structure of a functionalist family, nuclear - husband wife and children, patriarchal- male dominated, instrumental- male authortive, expressive role-female role
    • Parsons (1955) argued that the nuclear family was the best fit for society. Geographical mobile workforce and a socially mobile work force. Argued that the family is losing its functions , presents an idealistic view, bases his views on american middle class only, fails to explore alternative ways, ignores facts that children can shape their own personailites.
    • Ronald fletcher, functions like education not carried out, children neglected. family now has more not less functions. introduction of policies such as health lead to the family performing functions more effectively.
    • George Murdock, looked at 250 societies and said some form of nuclear family existed in each. believed universal institution. universal functions of the family sexual, reproductive, economic, educational, criticise all of these functions as there are different cultures, and different types of families. does not consider other social institutions, assumes all nuclear families are harmonious. definition of the family is too narrow and excludes diverse types of family's
    • Functionalist theory is out of date, began 150 years ago ideas now are very out dated. ignores dysfunction
    • Dysfunction - inst working properly, such as domestic violence or child abuse.
    • universal-relating or done by all people or things in the world or in a particular group
    • institution-an organisation founded for religious, educational purposes.
    • consensus-a general agreement
    • primary socialisation-the acceptance and learning of a set of norms and values established through the process of socialisation


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