Explaining growth of Religious Movements

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Reasons for the growth
Marginality(M), Relative deprivation(RD), Social change,(SC)
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(M)Weber
Sects arise in marginal groups and offer solution to problems by offering theodicy of disprivilege=justification. Since 60's NRM's like the moonies recruiting from well educated,young, middle class whites
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(RD)Why are the middle class spiritually deprived?
they see society as impersonal and lacking moral values. They also feel they aren't deprived enough for religious attention.
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(RD) Stark and Bainbridge
it is the relatively deprived who form sects. When compromises are made in a movement the deprived break away to safeguard the original message.
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The poor are attracted to what type of sect?
World rejecting- they offer compensators they need for rewards they are denied in life
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The privileged are attracted to what?
world accepting churches as they help bring them further success
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(SC) Wilson
rapid change produced anomie so people turn to sects as a solution. e.g. industrial revolution led to methodism that offered community, norms and values.
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(SC) Bruce
growth of sects is a response to social change from modernisation and secularisation. People aren't attracted to churches because they demand too much commitment.
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Growth of world rejecting NRM due to? (Wallis)
social changes in 60's impacted the young. Education gave them freedom from adult responsibilities and enabled them to form counter culture. Failure of counter culture causes turn to world rejecting religion because it offered a more idealistic life
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Growth of world affirming NRM due to? (BRUCE)
Response to modernity. Work was no longer providing meaning or identity so world affirming NRM provided these and promised success
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Card 2

Front

Sects arise in marginal groups and offer solution to problems by offering theodicy of disprivilege=justification. Since 60's NRM's like the moonies recruiting from well educated,young, middle class whites

Back

(M)Weber

Card 3

Front

they see society as impersonal and lacking moral values. They also feel they aren't deprived enough for religious attention.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

it is the relatively deprived who form sects. When compromises are made in a movement the deprived break away to safeguard the original message.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

World rejecting- they offer compensators they need for rewards they are denied in life

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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