European Drought Flashcards

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  • Created by: StevenFox
  • Created on: 30-03-16 16:05
How long did the European Drought last?
February to October (2003)
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What was the operative cause of the drought?
Intense anticyclones that forced depressions north and south of Europe
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The arrival of the European Drought was the lowest amount of rainfall since what year?
1921
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What was the highest temperature recorded?
37°C
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How many deaths occured in the UK?
2,000 deaths
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How many of the deaths in the UK were as a result of poor air quality (from high levels of Ozone)?
900 deaths
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How many deaths occurred in France?
15,000
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What were the predominant affects people suffered from?
Dehydration, Heat Stroke, Sunburn, and Drowning (jumping into rivers to cool etc)
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Why weren't people allowed to use as much water?
A hosepipe ban was in effect
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Why was there an increase in energy demand?
People wanted to use things like air conditioners etc
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How much had to tourism industry expanded by during the drought?
4% - Mainly on the coasts
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Why was transportation a nightmare?
Melting roads, dried up rivers, buckled rails
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What was the estimated cost per day from loss of work days?
£10 million per day
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How much did harvests fall by?
20%
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How much did milk yields fall by?
15%
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How much was the estimated cost to European farming?
€13.1 billion
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How man hectares of forest burnt down European-wide?
650,000 hectares
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How many hectares of forest had burned down in Portugal?
215,000 hectares - The same size as Luxembourg
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Why was it estimated that millions of tons of topsoil had been eroded in Portugal?
Due to the lack of forest cover - Therefore, making neighboring rivers have poor quality water by soil and ash deposits within it
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What did extreme melting of glaciers in the alps cause?
Rock falls in the mountains
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How many reservoirs went below standard capacity?
50%
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What was set up in France to cope with the huge influx of bodies?
Temporary mortuaries in refrigerated trucks
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Why did Network Rail impose speed restrictions when the temperature went above 30°C?
To limit the chance of de-railing from buckled rails
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Why did two nuclear powerplants close down in Germany?
As they could not rely on the dried up river for cooling
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What was imposed to make sure people used less water?
Hosepipe bans
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Whom did France request aid from?
The European Union
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How did the media help the public?
Providing 'tips' on how to cope with the weather
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What has been put in place in the UK as result of the drought and what does it do?
The Heat-Health Watch - Gives advanced warnings of hot weather during summer months
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What has France improved as a result of the drought
Its prevention systems to better support demographics such as the elderly
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the operative cause of the drought?

Back

Intense anticyclones that forced depressions north and south of Europe

Card 3

Front

The arrival of the European Drought was the lowest amount of rainfall since what year?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the highest temperature recorded?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many deaths occured in the UK?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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