Establishing Hitler's Dictatorship.

  • Created by: cieran_10
  • Created on: 16-05-18 19:32
How did the Nazis remove the communists?
Through the Reichstag Fire.
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Who was the alleged culprit of the Reichstag Fire?
Van Der Lubbe.
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When did the Reichstag Fire take place?
On the 27th of February 1033.
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When was the Reichstag Fire Decree passed?
On the 28th of February 1933.
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What did article 1 of the Reichstag Fire Decree do? (6.)
It restricted civil liberties of citizens under arrest, for example: their freedom of epxression, their freedom of the press, thier right to public assembly and thier secrecy of post and telephone.
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What did articles 2 and 3 of the Reichstag Fire Decree do? (2.)
They increased the powers of th central government, giving them power usually held by local governments.
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What did articles 4 and 5 of the Reichstag Fire Decree do? (2.)
These implemented harsh punishment for certain crimes, such as: the death penalty for arson.
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What did article 6 of the Reichstag Fire Decree do?
It stated that the decree was effective immediately.
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What two things did the Reichstag Fire allow Hitler to do?
It gave him the support to imprison communists to stop them campaiging and it decreased their votes, by making them look like a danger.
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Why did Hitler replace the normal court with the People's Court?
As theyonly convicted Van Der Lubbe.
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When did the first 1933 elections take place?
On the 5th of March 1933.
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What percentage of Germans voted for the Nazis in the first 1933 elections? Howe many seats did this give them?
44%. Giving them 288 Reichstag seats.
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When was the Enabling Act passed?
On the 23rd of March 1933.
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Who intimidated the party deputies, to pass the Enabling Act?
The SA.
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What did the Enabling Act allow Hitler to do as the German Chancellor?
To pass the laws that he wished to.
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When was the People's Court set up?
On the 24th of April 1934.
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What did all People's Court judges have to do?
Swear an oath to Hitler.
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What made the People's Courts unfair? (3.)
The fact that the trial verdicts were predecided, depending on the type of person it was and if they were a Nazi threat or not.
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When was an act passed that enabled Hitler to reorganise local governments and was when he set up the Gestapo?
The 26th of April 1933.
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How many Gaus was Germany split into by Hitler?
Into 42 Gaus.
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Who ran the Gaus in Germany?
Gauletiers.
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What three things were Gaus split into and who ran each of these?
Areas, localities and blocks of flats run by Blockleiters.
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When was the Act to Abolish Trade Unions passed?
On the 2nd of May 1933.
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What happened to the leaders of the trade unions when they were abolished?
They were arrested.
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What did the abolition of the trade unions allow Hitler to set up?
The German Labour Front.
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What did the German Labour Front allow Hitler to do?
It allowed him to control German workers.
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When was the Concorat formed?
On the 20th June 1933.
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Why did the Pope want to get rid of Communism?
As they threatened the Catholic Church's power.
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What did the Concordat allow Hitler to do?
It allowed him to do as he pleased in Germany (without interferecne by the Church) as long as he left it alone.
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What party did the Concordat allow Hitler to abolish?
The Catholic Zentrum party.
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When did the Night of the Long Knives take place?
On the 30th of June 1934.
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What two things did SA leaders demand from Hitler, which made him suspicous of the SA? Why were these not practical?
That he should carry out thier socialist agenda and that the SA take over the German army. These could not happne, as Hitler could not annoy supporting businessmen and the army.
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How many SA members did the ** murder?
400.
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Who did the ** kil, who was the leader of the SA?
Rohm.
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Who else did Hitler murder during the Night of the Long Knives?
His other opponents.
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When was the Act to Ban All Political Parties passed?
On the 14th of July 1933.
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What did the abolition of political parties allow Hitler to create? What did this destroy?
Create a one-party state. This destroyed the democracy in Germany at the time.
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What did the loss of democracy mean for the Germans?
That they could not get rid of Hitler during an election.
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When and at what time did Hindenburg die?
On the 19th of August 1934 at 9am.
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What happened when Hindenburg died? (3.)
Hitler was made the president, chancellor and head of the army in Germany.
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What restriction did the Communists place onto the Nazi party? (2.)
They had a lot of support in the German Reichstag, meaning the Nazis could not achieve a majority there.
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What restriction did German democracy placed on the Nazi party? (2.)
This meant that other parties could oppose Nazi views and stop their legislation from being passed.
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What restrictions did the people of Germany pose against the Nazis?
Their right to rise up against them.
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By when had the Nazis removed all of their restrictions?
By July of 1933.
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What nationality was Van der Lubbe?
Dutch.
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What did Van der Lubbe claim that he was doing?
Working alone.
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What did many people believe that Van der Lubbe was doing?
Working as a part of a Communist plot in Germany.
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How many communists were arrested in Germany after the Reichstag Fire Decree?
4,000.
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Who was the arrested leader of the Communist party in Germany?
Ernst Thalmann.
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What did the ** and the SA do to get votes for the Nazis?
Intimidate people into voting for them in the March, 1933 elections.
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How many seats were there in the Reichstag?
647.
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How did the Nazis gain a majority in the Reichstag and how many extra seats did they get?
By forming a coalition with the Nationalists, to gain an extra 52 seats.
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Give the official name of the Enabling Act.
The Law to Remedy the Distress of People and Reich.
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How many Reichstag members voted for the Enabling Act?
444 of them.
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How many Social Democrats voted against the Enabling Act?
94 of them.
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What was the name given to the Nazis creating fear in German society? What is the meaning of this word?
Gleichschaltung. Meaning co-ordingaton or bringing into line.
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When was the Civil Service Act passed?
On the 7th of April 1933.
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What did the Civil Service Act do?
It meant that non-Aryans and political opponents of the Nazis were fired from their civil service job.
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What did official Anti-Semitism begin with?
The prevention of Jews working in legal and medical professions.
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When was there a nationwide boycott of Jewish shops?
On the 1st of April 1933.
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When was the there book burning in Germany?
In May of 1933.
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What was the official book burning in Germany?
It was the official encouragement (by Goebbels) for German students to hold bonfires to burn Jewish and Communist literature.
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What four groups of people did the SA intimidate?
Jews, Communists, Social Democrats and trade unionists.
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Where was the first concentration camp in Germany?
Dachau.
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By October of 1933, how many people had been targeted and arrested by the SA?
100,000.
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What was the Nazis first move to remove trade unionists?
They arrested their leaders.
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What was the Nazis second move to remove trade unionists?
The Nazis made the trade unionists work with them by promising them a national labour day.
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When was the National Labour Day organised for?
The 1st of May 1933.
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When were the trade union leaders arrested and raided as part of the Nazis third step to remove them?
On the 2nd of May 1933.
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What did the Nazis set up to replace the Trade Unions?
The German Labour Front.
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When did the nazis announce that the SDs had used funds corruptly?
On the 10th of May 1933.
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When did the Nazis ban the SDs and arrest 3000 of them?
On the 21st of June 1933.
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What happened to other parties when they saw what happened to the SDs?
Thye dissolved themselves.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who was the alleged culprit of the Reichstag Fire?

Back

Van Der Lubbe.

Card 3

Front

When did the Reichstag Fire take place?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When was the Reichstag Fire Decree passed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did article 1 of the Reichstag Fire Decree do? (6.)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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