Enzymes and Digestion

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  • Created by: Jaian
  • Created on: 30-04-16 14:03
Which enzyme catalyses the breakdown of large carbohydrates?
Carbohydrases
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Give an example of a carbohydrase
Amylase
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Where is amylase made?
Pancreas, Small Intestines and Mouth
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What does amylase do?
Breaks down long chains of starch molecules into maltose
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What is maltose broken into, where is it broken down and what by?
Broken into glucose molecules by maltase in the small intestine
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What is the purpose of glucose?
Can be used in respiration and cell processes
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Which enzyme catalyzes of the breakdown of protein?
Protease
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Give an example of a protease
Pepsin
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What is protein broken into?
Individual Amino Acids
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Where is protease made?
Small intestine, pancreas and stomach
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What is the purpose of breaking down the protein and moving it round the body?
The amino acids can form protein for growth and repair
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Which enzyme catalyzes the breakdown of fatty or oily molecules?
Lipases
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Where are lipases made?
Pancreas and small intestine
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What is fatty or oily molecules called?
Lipids
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What are lipids broken into?
Glycerol and fatty acids
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Where is bile produced?
Liver
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What is the purpose of bile?
Neutralizes stomach acid and emulsifies fat
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What is the structure of the villi like to help digestion?
It increases the surface area of the small intestine and has easy blood supply
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How does the structure of the villi help digestion?
It is efficient at absorbing products of digestion into the blood
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give an example of a carbohydrase

Back

Amylase

Card 3

Front

Where is amylase made?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does amylase do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is maltose broken into, where is it broken down and what by?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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