English Terminology


HideShow resource information
Common Noun
A name for something, >>Man, Penguin, Ghost...
1 of 66
Abstract Noun
A naming word for an idea, state of being or belief or a concept, >> Sadness, Love, Politics...
2 of 66
Proper Noun
A naming word for a specific example of a common noun, >> Ellie, Clark, Lloyd, Sam...
3 of 66
Verb
An action or process, >> A 'doing' word
4 of 66
Active Verb
A word that represents a physical action, >> Jump, Run, Kiss..
5 of 66
Stative Verb
A word that represents a process that is often only mental, >> Love, Think, Believe...
6 of 66
Auxillary Verb
A verb that has to be used with another verb to create present or future tense, >> I AM going; YOU WILL go...
7 of 66
Modal Verb
An Auxillary verb that expresses a degree of possibility or neccessity, >> might, could, must..
8 of 66
Adjective
A describing word, >> Beautiful, Ugly, Happy...
9 of 66
Superlative
An adjective that describes the most extreme value of its quality, >> Biggest, Smallest, Prettiest...
10 of 66
Third Person
>>Him, Her, She... >> Plural: Them, Those..
11 of 66
Posessive Pronoun
>> My, Mine, Our, Your, His, Hers...
12 of 66
Register
The level of formallity in a text
13 of 66
Tenor
The tone, or the relationship between the author and the reader, and how it is created
14 of 66
Content
What the text is about
15 of 66
Context
The things outside of a text which shapes the meaning of it
16 of 66
Form
The structure and shape of a text
17 of 66
Parenthesis
An aside within a text created by sectioning off extra information, >> (), --, (,,)
18 of 66
Rhetorical Question
A question designed not to be answered.
19 of 66
Hypophora
When a rhetorical question is followed by an answer immediately
20 of 66
Parellelism
a pattern created in a text through repetition or through structures
21 of 66
Repetition
Words or phrases repeated in a piece of text
22 of 66
Imagery
A descriptive or metaphorical use of language to create a vivid picture
23 of 66
Pre- Modification
A descriptive technique where the descriptive word comes before the things they are describing, >> the big, ugly dog
24 of 66
Post- Modification
A descriptive technique where the descriptive word comes after the thing they are describing, >> the dog, big and ugly
25 of 66
Pathetic Fallacy
When the enviroment or weather mirrors emotions
26 of 66
Archaism
An old word that has fallen out of common use over a period of time
27 of 66
Collocations
Words that are meant to go together, >> Fish and Chips
28 of 66
Onoamatopoeia
Words that sound like what they are describing, >> BANG
29 of 66
Ambiguity
More than one possible meaning for a word
30 of 66
Neologism
A newly invented word
31 of 66
Taboo
Words that are socially
32 of 66
Connotation
The associations that can be gleamed from words
33 of 66
Denotation
The literal meaning of a word
34 of 66
Pun
A play on words
35 of 66
Turn Taking
co-ordinated and rule governed co-operation between two or more participants in a conversation
36 of 66
Adjacency Pairs
A moment in turn taking where one utterance constrains the response in some way
37 of 66
Back Chanelling
The process of giving feedback through making noises, and showing that you are listening, >> hmmm
38 of 66
Slang
Colloquialsms used by the younger generations
39 of 66
False Starts
The speaker realises that the beginning of an utterance isn't working properly and effectively restarts their sentence
40 of 66
Fillers
The insertion of words, phrases or noises in to a conversation, >> ye, ok, er..
41 of 66
Tag Question
A Question tagged onto the end of a sentence
42 of 66
Ellision
The emmision of a vowel or syllable in the pronunciation of a word, >> it's either one or t'other..
43 of 66
Sociolect
The vocabulary and pronunciation that comes from a certain group
44 of 66
Idiolect
The speech patterns of an individual
45 of 66
Hedges
A word or phrase used to avoid overprecise commitment, >> often, sometimes..
46 of 66
Deixis
Words that cannot be fully understood without contextual factors
47 of 66
Ellipsis
Leaving out words where a sentence will still make sense without them, >> what you doing?
48 of 66
Graphology
The visual features of a text, >> bullet points, images, boxes, typography, colours, punctuation..
49 of 66
Abbreviation
A word shortened down yet still makes sense, >> television-tele
50 of 66
Acronym
Where the intitials of a word has a meaning, >> BFG, Big Friendly Giant
51 of 66
Antonym
A word opposite to another, >> Good and Bad
52 of 66
Jargon
Technical Language
53 of 66
Lexical Field
Words that follow a certain subject, >> Education- School, Teachers, Students, Folders, Homework etc..
54 of 66
Emotive Lexis
Words that portray emotion, >> Unhappy, Sad, Loving, Ecstatic..
55 of 66
Alliteration
Two or more words that start with the same letter, >> Excited Ellie
56 of 66
Assonance
Sounds like S-S
57 of 66
Fricatives
Sounds like Z-Z
58 of 66
Bathos
Used to delibritately produce humour
59 of 66
Convergence
To come towards something/ someone, >> Change your accent to sound like somebody, share common ground
60 of 66
Divergence
Change your accent to sound the opposite of somebody, share no common ground at all
61 of 66
Dysphemism
Making something sound worse than it really is, >> The stupid cow
62 of 66
Euphemism
Making something sound better than it really is, >> The silly woman
63 of 66
Simile
Using as or like to make a comparison, >> the boy ate like a pig
64 of 66
Hypernyms
The over riding term, >> Dog
65 of 66
Hyponyms
Umberalla terms, >> golden retriever, jack russel, chiuaha..
66 of 66

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A naming word for an idea, state of being or belief or a concept, >> Sadness, Love, Politics...

Back

Abstract Noun

Card 3

Front

A naming word for a specific example of a common noun, >> Ellie, Clark, Lloyd, Sam...

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

An action or process, >> A 'doing' word

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A word that represents a physical action, >> Jump, Run, Kiss..

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all Comparing texts resources »